Guide to the Richard M. Saul papers, 1964-1999, n.d. | MC107

Summary Information

Repository
Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library
Creator
Saul, Richard M., 1927-2004
Title
Richard M. Saul papers
ID
MC107
Date
1964-1999, undated
Extent
5.0 Linear feet
Language
English
Abstract
Reference and subject files and audio/visual materials of Richard M. Saul, a public official who developed federal weatherization, energy, and anti-poverty programs. Much of the material pertains to Saul's work with VISTA (Volunteers in Service to America), and the United States Office of Economic Opportunity, later known as the Community Services Administration.

Preferred Citation

Richard M. Saul papers, Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library, Bates College.

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Historical Note

A developer of federal anti-poverty programs, Richard Marshall Saul was born in Philadelphia, PA on April 24, 1927. He received a diploma from the Sorbonne, his undergraduate degree from Harvard University in 1950, and a law degree from the University of Pennsylvania in 1953.

After Army service in France during World War II, he worked as an associate in his father's Philadelphia law firm, Saul, Ewing, Remick & Saul. During this time he participated in local politics and was active in the formation of WHYY, Philadelphia's now prominent public television station. In 1960, he moved to Washington to work as a lawyer for the Broadcast Bureau of the Federal Communications Commission. He served as the first chief of the complaints branch in the bureau's complaints and compliance division. In 1965, he joined the newly created Office of Economic Opportunity, a hallmark of President Lyndon B. Johnson's Great Society and War on Poverty programs. At the OEO, Saul helped to develop the Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA) program and became chief of VISTA program development for nine southern and western states.

In 1967, he joined the Office of Economic Opportunity's Community Action Program (later the Community Services Administration and then the Department of Health and Human Services Office of Community Services) where he oversaw grant programs and nationwide initiatives to address the needs of low-income individuals and communities. His work included establishing community credit unions, encouraging private savings accounts, and other economic development work.

An area in which Saul was particularly interested was the energy needs of low-income people. During the 1973 energy crisis, he proposed a program to fund the insulating of homes for the poor. Begun in Maine, the project went into operation within six weeks and became a pilot for a comprehensive federal weatherization program.

Saul retired in 1981 when President Reagan ended the federal anti-poverty program. Six years later he established a non-profit environmental consulting firm called Jobs for a Clean Environment. He published a directory of OEO programs in 1989 entitled "Seeds of Opportunity." In 1994, he rejoined the Department of Health and Human Services and retired again in 2004. He served on the board of the National Center for Appropriate Technology in Butte, Montana, and the Educating Children for Parenting organization in Philadelphia. Saul died from Lou Gehrig's disease on December 20, 2004.

Scope and Content Note

The collection contains subject files, reference material, audio cassettes and reels, films, and videotapes collected and created by Richard Saul. Much of the material relates to his development of a national weatherization program which provided funding to low-income families and individuals to insulate their home. There is also substantial information about his work developing anti-poverty programs within communities, his work with the Office of Economic Opportunity (later the establishing the VISTA program), and alternative energy technologies, such as wind.

Organization and Arrangement

The collection is organized into three series: I. Subject files, II. Reference material, and III. Audio and visual materials.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

 Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library

70 Campus Avenue
Lewiston, Maine, 04240
207-786-6354
muskie@bates.edu

Access Restrictions

One folder has restricted material.

Use Restrictions

The collection is the physical property of Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library. Bates College holds literary rights only for material created by College personnel working on official behalf of the College, or for material which was given to the College with such rights specifically assigned. For all other material, literary rights, including copyright, belong to the authors or their legal heirs and assigns. Researchers are responsible for obtaining permission from rights holders for publication or other purposes that exceed fair use.

Acquisition and Custody Information

Gift of Judy Hubbard, 2008. Accession No.: 2008-090.

Processing Information

Processed by Kat Stefko, Sept. 2008.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • United States. Community Services Administration
  • United States. Office of Economic Opportunity
  • Volunteers in Service to America

Personal Name(s)

  • Saul, Richard M., 1927-2004--Archives

Subject(s)

  • Economic assistance, Domestic--United States
  • Energy conservation--United States
  • Energy policy--United States
  • Government, Politics, Law __ __ __ __ __MACON
  • Poor--Energy assistance--United States
  • Social Movements and Services __ __ __ __ __MACON

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Collection Inventory

 MC107/01 Subject files 1964-1992, n.d.   2.5 Linear feet

Scope and Content Note

Contains files about a number of subjects, particularly weatherization and anti-poverty programs. There is also substantial information about alternative energy technology and projects.

Organization and Arrangement

Alphabetical by subject.

Box

CIP deobligations of $200,000 or more 1979   

1

Advocacy for the poor with the Clinton campaign and staff 1992-1993   

1

American Gas Association circa 1980   

1

Appeal file--Community Relations-Social Development Commission 1989   

1

Center for Community Futures 1990   

1

Community energy audits 1980   

1

CSA contingency weatherization plan circa 1980   

1

CSA and Energy: the Mandate, the Problem and Policies for the Poor Undated   

1

Davis Bacon Act 1976-1978, n.d.   

1

DOE Weatherization Assistance Program 1992   

1

Economic Opportunity Act Amendments of 1979 1979   

1

Emergency Energy Conservation Program Undated   

1

Emergency Energy Conservation Program--Briefing Paper 1980   

1

Energy Bullets Undated   

1

Energy assistance 1980   

1

The Energy Crisis and the Poor 1973-1974   

1

Energy needs of the poor--assessment 1977-1981   

1

Energy Policy Committee 1980   

2

Energy policy and strategy statements 1978-1993, n.d.   

2

Energy policy--FmHA--weatherization 1974, n.d.   

2

Expanded Weatherization Program proposal 1978   

2

Films--inventory and descriptions Undated   

2

Films from the War on Poverty 1980-1985, n.d.   

2

Hazardous Waste Worker Health and Safety Training Program 1987, 1989   

2

Home Energy Almanac 1978   

2

HUSH III 1976-1984, n.d.   

2

Jobs in Energy-weatherization (D.C. Project) 1984-1985, n.d.   

2

Low-income Alternative Energy Conversion and Supply Project 1980   

3

Low-Income Engery Assistance 1979   

3

Low-Income Energy Assistance 1982-1983   

3

Low-income weatherization programs 1979-1980, n.d.   

3

National Energy Act circa 1977   

3

National Council on Aging 1985   

3

Neighborhood Energyworks: a Guide to Organizing and Expanding Neighborhood Energy Conservation Programs (1 of 3) 1981   

3

Neighborhood Energyworks: a Guide to Organizing and Expanding Neighborhood Energy Conservation Programs (2 of 3) 1981   

3

Neighborhood Energyworks: a Guide to Organizing and Expanding Neighborhood Energy Conservation Programs (3 of 3) 1981   

3

Neighborhood Resources Project grant 1978   

3

New Communities project 1974-1975   

3

New York City Energy Support Payments Program 1980   

3

Office of Economic Opportunity press release re: poverty programs 1964   

3

Office of Economic Opportunity Research and Demonstration Programming 1973   

3

Operation Open City-Labor Utilization Report Undated   

3

Optimal Weatherization Project-National Bureau of Standards (1 of 2) 1981   

3

Optimal Weatherization Project-National Bureau of Standards (2 of 2) 1981   

3

Personnel-reprimand 1980-1981   

4

Photo of LBJ signing legislation   

9

Proposal for weatherization technical bulletin 1984   

4

Provisional Waiver Requst to Arkansas Weatherization Assistance Program 1980, n.d.   

4

Public Works Law 1976   

4

Report to Congress from Project EnergyCare Undated   

4

Robin Hood 1980, n.d.   

4

Solar Consumer Assurance Network Planning Project 1980   

4

Statement to CSA Regarding Necessity of National Support Services for Low Income Energy Advocacy Undated   

4

Total Weatherization Undated   

4

Trust Territories (1 of 2) 1986   

4

Trust Territories (2 of 2) 1986   

4

VISTA 1966-1985, n.d.   

4

VISTA--photos 1971-1980, n.d.   

4

Weatherization history--NCLC paper 1976-1981, n.d.   

5

Weatherization history (2 of 3) 1974, n.d.   

5

Weatherization history (3 of 3) 1976-1982, n.d.   

5

Weatherization Impact Evaluation (1 of 3) 1979-1980   

5

Weatherization Impact Evaluation (2 of 3) 1978, n.d.   

5

Weatherization Impact Evaluation (2 of 3) 1978   

5

Weatherization kit and demo photographs 1977   

5

Wind--small wind systems 1979-1980, n.d.   

5

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 MC107/02 Reference material 1974-1999, n.d.   1.0 linear foot

Scope and Content Note

Contains pamphlets, reports, ephemera, and other material related to weatherization programs, community planning and development, and energy.

Organization and Arrangement

Alphabetical by publication or folder title.

Box

Administrative Cost and Program Equity Assessment of the Energy Crisis Assistance Program--Report #1 1980   

6

Centre for Alternative Technology--Information Sheets Undated   

6

Changing Energy Habits Undated   

6

Clippings re: poverty 1989   

6

Community Action Organization of Scioto County--Self Help Gas Development--Interim Report 1979   

6

Community Development Manual Undated   

6

Community Planning Guide to Weatherization 1975   

6

Creating Community Sustainability Across America 1994   

6

CSA Weatherization Demonstration Project Plan 1979   

6

DOE Weatherization Energy Conference 1995   

6

Energy Auditor and Retrofitter 1987   

6

Energy Conservation Handbook for ACTION Volunteers Undated   

7

Energy Exchange: the Newsletter for Weatherization Professionals 1991   

7

Energy Fact Sheet 1980   

7

Energy info Undated   

7

Gov. Mario Cuomo speech at the National Press Club (transcript) 1994   

7

Group Research Report 1990   

7

How to Set Up an Apprenticeship Program in a CAA Undated   

7

Miscellaneous pamphlet Undated   

7

National Center for Appropriate Technology pamphlets Undated   

7

National Consumer Law Center Energy Project-biannual report 1979   

7

Out in the Cold: the Expected Impact of Rising Natural Gas Prices on the Poor, Elderly and Unemployed 1983   

7

Pollution Prevention 1992   

7

Remote Control and Operations of a Hawaiian Wind Diesel Plant from the Mainland circa 1992   

7

Urban Ecologist 1994   

7

Weatherization Program Management Information System Undated   

7

True Welfare Reform Through Capacity Building in Low-Income Communities 1999   

7

Winter Resource Directory 1980   

7

Winter USA: Staying Warm and Saving Money 1974   

7

What Neighbors Can Do About the Energy Crisis 1980   

7

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 MC107/03 Audio and visual materials 1994, n.d.   1.5 Linear feet

Scope and Content Note

Contains films, audio reels and cassettes, and videotapes related to Saul's work with VISTA and anti-poverty programs. Many are on obsolescing formats and have not yet been reformatted. A list of some of the films is available in the Subjects series.

Organization and Arrangement

Unarranged.

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