Guide to the Garcelon family papers, 1750-2010, n.d. | MC106

Summary Information

Repository
Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library
Creator
Garcelon family
Title
Garcelon family papers
ID
MC106
Date
1750-2010, undated
Extent
2.0 Linear feet
Language
English
Abstract
The collection contains some of the papers of Pierre Garcelon (1685-1772), William Green Garcelon (1786-1872), Alonzo Garcelon (1813-1906), and Charles Augustus Garcelon (1842-1935), among other family members. Of particular note are William Garcelon's financial records related to the estate of Jackson Davis, an Indian agent for the Penobscot tribe; Civil War letters written by Alonzo Garcelon, Surgeon General of Maine, and C. A. Garcelon, a volunteer in the 16th regiment of Maine volunteers; letters and other material related to Alonzo Garcelon's service as Governor of Maine and the controversy surrounding the election of 1879; and C. A. Garcelon's material related to his work as general superintendent of the Pullman Car Company.

Preferred Citation

Garcelon family papers, Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library, Bates College.

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Historical Note

Pierre Garcelon

Pierre Garcelon was born in May 1685 in Mauriac, France to Pierre Garcelon and Marie La Garige. He became a Catholic priest in the diocese of Clermont, France. During the persecution of the Huguenots (French Protestants), Pierre became disillusioned with his faith and country and fled around 1721, at age 35, to London, England.

On January 14, 1722, Pierre married Anne La Rue, with whom he would later have one son, Pierre. A few months later, he renounced the Catholic faith to join the Church of England. From 1739 to 1772, he served as first curate and then rector of the Episcopal Church at St. Pierre du Bois on the Isle of Guernsey in the English Channel.

Shortly after the death of his first wife in June 1734, he married Jeanne Bedat, and the couple had four children: Peter, Jeanne, Louise, and James. Born in 1739, James came to the United States as a cabin boy on a ship in 1752, and is the direct ancestor of the Garcelon family of Lewiston.

Pierre's second wife died in 1742, and the following year he married Anne Le Large, with whom he had six children: Martha, Anne, William, Marie, Susanne, and Judith. Pierre died in 1772, at the age of 87, in Guernsey.

William Green Garcelon

William Green Garcelon, born September 21, 1786, was the great grandson of Pierre Garcelon, the grandson of James Garcelon, and the son of William Garcelon and Maria Harris. He was one of 11 children born to William and Maria. By the time of his birth, the Garcelons were a prominent family in Lewiston, Maine, having been some of the earliest white settlers in the area. During the American Revolution his grandparents had fled from Falmouth to Lewiston Falls, which was then an Indian garrison. In Lewiston, they made a living by operating a ferry across the Androscoggin River and running a boarding house for travelers.

William Garcelon's father, William Sr., had opened the first store in Lewiston, and also operated a store in Durham and a shipyard in Freeport. William eventually took over his father's business in Lewiston. He also held a number of important civic positions, including: town clerk, selectman, coroner, collector of taxes, representative to the legislature, colonel in the state militia, surveyor, justice of the peace, and probate court judge.

On July 19, 1810, William married Mary Davis, and the couple had three children: Alonzo, Charles, and Mary Ann. When William passed away in 1872, the Lewiston Evening Journal's lengthy obituary described him as a "Christian patriarch and venerated citizen."

Alonzo Garcelon

Alonzo Garcelon was born in Lewiston on May 6, 1813, the oldest child of William and Mary Garcelon. An 1836 graduate of Bowdoin College, Alonzo was Governor of Maine, surgeon general of Maine during the Civil War, and a prominent community leader and businessman.

In 1839, Alonzo earned his doctoral degree from the Medical College of Ohio, where he was a private student of the celebrated physician, Dr. Reuben Muzzey. He then returned home where he established a medical practice that he maintained into his 80s. In 1841, he married Ann Augusta Waldron and between 1842 and 1855, the couple had seven children. Ann died in 1857, and in 1859, he married Olivia Nelson Spear, with whom he had one child, Edith Spear Garcelon.

In 1847, Alonzo co-founded the Lewiston Journal with his brother-in-law, W. H. Waldon. He served in the Maine House of Representatives from 1853-1854, 1857-1858, and in the Maine Senate from 1855-1856. It was primarily because of Alonzo's support and encouragement that Bates College was located in Lewiston, Maine, when the institution opened its doors as the Maine State Seminary in 1855. He served as an instructor and longtime trustee at the College. He was elected as a Delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1856.

During the Civil War, Alonzo served in the Union Army as Maine's Surgeon General, establishing a hospital in Portland, Maine for the care of Maine's troops. During the impeachment of Andrew Johnson after the War, he switched from the Republican Party to become a Democrat. In 1871 he was elected mayor of Lewiston, and in 1879 he was elected Governor of Maine by the legislature, serving one term until 1880.

Alonzo's governorship was marked with controversy because of alleged voter fraud during the 1879 election. The controversy nearly led to violence when an armed standoff ensured between Senator James Blaine and one hundred men on one side and the state militia under the leadership of Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain on the other. In December of 1879, Alonzo was warned against an assassination plot against his life. Four years later, he was once again elected mayor of his hometown.

Garcelon died in Medford, Massachusetts on December 8, 1906 while visiting his daughter, and was buried at Riverside Cemetery in Lewiston, Maine.

Charles Augustus Garcelon

Charles Augustus Garcelon, the oldest child of Alonzo and Ann Garcelon, was born on November 14, 1842 in Lewiston, Maine. He married Esther Coffin on March 27, 1872, and the couple had three children.

During the Civil War, Charles served as second lieutenant in the 16th Maine Infantry. He fought in several battles including Gettysburg where his uncle, W. H. Waldron, was injured.

Following the war, Charles married Esther Coffin on March 27, 1872, and the couple had three children.

Charles became a prominent figure in the railroad industry, serving as the General Superintendent or Chief Operating Officer from 1889 to 1906. He was one of the pallbearers at George M. Pullman's funeral. He lived for many years in Chicago before retiring to Lovell, Maine. He died May 12, 1935.

Scope and Content Note

The collection contains papers related to six generations of the Garcelon family, which was originally from France and eventually helped to settle Lewiston, Maine. In particular, there is significant material about Pierre Garcelon (1685-1772), William Green Garcelon (1786-1872), Alonzo Garcelon (1813-1906), and Charles Augustus Garcelon (1842-1935), such as papers held by William Garcelon related to the estate of Jackson Davis, an Indian agent for the Penobscot tribe; Civil War letters written by Alonzo Garcelon, Surgeon General of Maine, and C. A. Garcelon, a volunteer in the 16th of Maine regiment; material related to Alonzo Garcelon's service as Governor of Maine and the controversy surrounding the election of 1879; and information about Charles A. Garcelon's service as general superintendent of the Pullman Car Company.

Organization and Arrangement

The collection is organized into eight series: I. Pierre Garcelon, II. William Green Garcelon, III. Alonzo Garcelon, IV. Charles Augustus Garcelon, V. Other family members, VI. Photographs, VII. Publications, and VIII. Research material.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

 Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library

70 Campus Avenue
Lewiston, Maine, 04240
207-786-6354
muskie@bates.edu

Access Restrictions

Permission to consult the original Civil War letters in the C.A. Garcelon series needs to be obtained from the Director of Archives and Special Collections. Reference photocopies have been substituted in the main files for research purposes.

Use Restrictions

The collection is the physical property of Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library. Bates College holds literary rights only for material created by College personnel working on official behalf of the College, or for material which was given to the College with such rights specifically assigned. For all other material, literary rights, including copyright, belong to the authors or their legal heirs and assigns. Researchers are responsible for obtaining permission from rights holders for publication or other purposes that exceed fair use.

Acquisition and Custody Information

Gift of David Garcelon, 2008. Accession No.: 2008-035.

Processing Information

Processed by Kat Stefko, June 2008.

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Related Materials

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Maine. Governor
  • Penobscot Indian Nation
  • United States. Army. Maine Infantry Regiment, 16th (1862-1865)

Geographic Name(s)

  • Lewiston (Me.)--History
  • Maine--Politics and government
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865

Personal Name(s)

  • Garcelon, Alonzo, 1813-1906
  • Garcelon, C. A.
  • Garcelon, Pierre
  • Garcelon, William Green

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Collection Inventory

 MC106/01 Pierre Garcelon 1747-1773   5.0 folders

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies and reprints of sermons and letterrs of Pierre Garcelon.

Organization and Arrangement

Alphabetical by folder title.

Box

Correspondence to his son, James (copies of orignals held by Bowdoin College). 1750-1773   

Farwell sermon to his parish, St. Pierre du Bois, Isle of Guernsey 1772   

Poem read at daughter Louise's buriel and cover notes (copies of originals held by Bowdoin College) 1747, circa 1770   

Sermons (copies of originals held by Bowdoin College) (1 of 2) circa 1770   

Sermons (copies of originals held by Bowdoin College) (2 of 2) circa 1770   

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 MC106/02 William Green Garcelon 1807-1862, n.d.   0.5 Linear feet

Scope and Content Note

Material related to William Green Garcelon, including many deeds for land bought and sold by Garcelon and records of several estates including that of Jackson Davis, an agent for the Penobscot Indians.

Organization and Arrangement

Alphabetical by folder title.

Box

Account book 1826-1827   

Appointment as Lincoln County coroner (OVERSIZE) 1820   

Appointment as Lincoln County justice of the peace (OVERSIZE) 1821-1857   

Clippings 1929-1930   

Corn shelling machine invented by Samuel Lane - patent, license, and notes 1825-1826, n.d.   

Correspondence 1833-1844   

Correspondence and receipts related to Morrell family 1834-1837   

Deed for pews in Old South Meeting House 1825   

Envelope May 16, 1849   

Estate of Aaron Clark and guardiaship of his sons 1847-1860   

Estate of Daniel Davis, father-in-law of William G. Garcelon 1828-1829   

Estate of Ezra Purrington 1837-1841   

Estate of Jackson Davis (OVERSIZE) 1826-1827   

Estate of Jackson Davis - account book 1826-1832   

Estate of Jackson Davis - account records 1822-1835   

Estate of Jackson Davis - appointment of David Davis as guardian of Daniel, Mary, Eliza T., and Asa Davis 1828   

Estate of Jackson Davis - correspondence re: care of his daughters, Mary and Eliza 1822   

Estate of Jackson Davis - legal documents 1807, 1824-1829, n.d.   

Estate of Jackson Davis - memorandum book 1826-1829   

Estate of Jackson Davis - receipts 1825-1837   

Estate of Jackson Davis - taxbills 1828-1833   

Estate of Lemuel Nash 1849-1856   

Estate of Nathaniel Eames and guadianships 1827-1843, n.d.   

Estate of William Carville and guadianship of Rebecca Carville - account book 1829-1831   

Estate of William Carville and guadianship of Rebecca Carville - account records 1829-1861, n.d.   

Estate of William Carville and guadianship of Rebecca Carville - correspondence 1831, 1844, 1849   

Estate of William Carville and guadianship of Rebecca Carville - invoices 1831, 1852, 1862   

Estate of William Carville and guadianship of Rebecca Carville - legal documents (1 of 2) 1830-1862, n.d.   

Estate of William Carville and guadianship of Rebecca Carville - legal documents (2 of 2) OVERSIZE 1830-1831, 1844   

Estate of William Carville and guardianship of Rebecca Carville - receipts (1 of 3) 1809-1832, 1841, n.d.   

Estate of William Carville and guadianship of Rebecca Carville - receipts (2 of 3) 1830-1854   

Estate of William Carville and guadianship of Rebecca Carville - receipts (3 of 3) 1855-1861   

Estate of Mary Collins Davis, mother-in-law of William G. Garcelon 1851-1852   

Insurance papers on farm and office 1846-1859   

Land deeds 1811, 1817, 1819, 1821   

Land deeds 1824-1825, 1827   

Land deeds 1829, 1831, 1832   

Land deeds 1833-1834   

Land deeds 1835-1837   

Land deeds 1840-1842   

Land deeds - Abbott, Maine property formerly owned by Bowdoin College 1824-1829   

Land deeds - original housing Undated   

Legal documents 1831-1853   

Receipts 1840   

Society for the Promotion of Temperance - record book 1833-1834   

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 MC106/03 Alonzo Garcelon 1832-1938, n.d.   0.25 Linear feet

Scope and Content Note

Material related to Alonzo Garcelon, in particular letters and receipts from his time as Surgeon General of Maine during the Civil War and as governor of Maine.

Organization and Arrangement

Alphabetical by folder title.

Box

Address to Lewiston and Auburn city councils Undated   

Address to the Maine State legislature Jan. 8, 1879   

Calling card Undated   

Clippings 1909-1938   

Correspondence - general (some re: railroad) 1873-1878, 1894   

Correspondence during the Civil War re: his role as Hospital Surgeon/General Surgeon of Maine 1861-1864   

Correspondence from John Winchester Garcelon 1880   

Correspondence to Charles A. Garcelon 1898   

Correspondence to his father, William Garcelon 1832   

Correspondence re: assassination threat and attempt to trace it 1879   

Correspondence re: requests for financial assistance 1860, 1869   

Correspondence re: governorship 1878-1879   

Correspondence with Gov. Israel Washburn, Jr. re: Gen. James Pope (copies of originals held at Library of Congress, Abraham Lincoln papers) 1862   

Financial records 1877, 1892, n.d.   

Financial records inc. for bricks possibly used in Lincoln Mill 1860, 1895   

Financial records (bills, receipts, statements) for medical supplies during the Civil War (1 of 2) 1861-1862   

Financial records (bills, receipts, statements) for medical supplies during the Civil War (2 of 2) OVERSIZE 1861-1862   

Forms (blank) - certificate of surgeon's examination of persioner Undated   

History of Lewiston by Alonzo Garcelon (Ms., 30 p.) [1895?]   

Invitation to U.S. Grant reception, Philadelphia, PA Dec. 16, 1879   

Invitation to celebration of completion of the Grand Trunk Railroad between Montreal and Toronto Nov. 12-13, 1856   

Invitation to Greenbackers meeting, Portland, Maine Sept. 17, 1878   

Lecture on agriculture in the United States and Maine (Ms. 16 p.) ca. 1870   

Lewiston Evening Journal (OVERSIZE) 1871, 1903,1906   

Notes re: proposed legislation forming Androscoggin County ca. 1855   

Pamphlets re: Maine election of 1879 1881, n.d.   

Portland Transcript (OVERSIZE, 1 of 6) 1878-1880   

Portland Transcript (OVERSIZE, 2 of 6) 1878-1880   

Portland Transcript (OVERSIZE, 3 of 6) 1878-1880   

Portland Transcript (OVERSIZE, 4 of 6) 1878-1880   

Portland Transcript (OVERSIZE, 5 of 6) 1878-1880   

Portland Transcript (OVERSIZE, 6 of 6) 1878-1880   

Quack medicine essay (incomplete) by Alonzo Garcelon (Ms.) ca. 1890   

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 MC106/04 Charles A. Garcelon 1778-1932, n.d.   0.25 Linear feet

Scope and Content Note

Includes the papers of Charles A. Garcelon. Of particular note are letters, including transcripts, he wrote to his family while serving in the 16th of Maine during the Civil War, as well as later material related to his work as General Superintendent of the Pullman Car Company.

Organization and Arrangement

Alphabetical by folder title.

Box

Booklet containing itinerary of Pres. Theodore Roosevelt's Pacific coast tour, prepared in conjunction with the Pullman Car Company April 1- June 5, 1903   

Booklet on marriage containing C.A. Garcelon's marriage certificate March 23, 1872   

Booklet - "The General...the Story of Andrew's Raiders" 1895   

Calling card with New Year's greetings from George Goldsmith ca. 1895   

Clipping re: "Lawless Chicago" The Sun (OVERSIZE) May 27, 1900   

Clippings re: home on Kezar Lake and North Lovell school Christmas program, Lovell, Maine 1897,1929   

Clippings re: Pullman Car Company and railroads 1899-1906   

Correspondence 1888-1901   

Correspondence re: Harriman Act and copy of bill 1900   

Correspondence re: investments 1917-1919   

Correspondence from Edith Spear Garcelon Preston, stepsister 1928-1929   

Correspondence from H. Mabel Garcelon Daicey re: family history 1931-1932   

Correspondence from Herbert Irving Garcelon re: family 1931   

Correspondence from his son, Charles A. Garcelon, Jr. 1884   

Correspondence from J. W. Crossley and Continental bank note 1778, 1898, 1901   

Correspondence from Lydia Garcelon Steward 1931   

Correspondence from William F. Garcelon re: family history 1930   

Correspondence to family and friends while serving in the 16th Maine during the Civil War (copies) (includes transcripts) 1862-1863   

Correspondence to family and friends while serving in the 16th Maine during the Civil War (originals) 1862-1863   

Correspondence to his father, Alonzo Garcelon 1875   

Genealogy of Garcelons ca. 1930   

Gettysburg letter written by C.A. Garcelon to his aunt (framed copy) (OVERSIZE) July 4, 1863   

Gettysburg letter written by C.A. Garcelon to aunt (archival master, CD) July 4, 1863   

Invitation to Louisiana Purchase Centennial April 30- May 2, 1903   

Letters re: Brevet Major General Christopher C. Andrews' book 1931   

Letters of congratulations (1 of 2) Jan.-Feb. 1889   

Letters of congratulations (2 of 2) Jan.-Feb. 1889, Oct. 1901   

List of former Pullman Car Company officers and their status 1915   

Note re: deer he killed Nov. 14, 1894   

Notes re: Cornelius Vanderbuilt and family Undated   

Obituary May 13, 1935   

Pocket notebook kept while living in Lovell, Maine 1912-1923   

Pocket notebook kept while working at Pullman Car Company 1896-1898   

Public auction announcement (OVERSIZE) Undated   

Pullman Car Company - annual statement July 31, 1897   

Pullman Car Co. circular supplement 1897   

Pullman News June 1931   

Quartermaster papers (1 of 2) May 1865- March 1866, n.d.   

Quartermaster papers (2 of 2) OVERSIZE May 1865- March 1866, n.d.   

Railroad passes 1904-1929   

Special orders from headquarters, 16th regiment Maine volunteers; includes transcript Oct. 24, 1862   

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 MC106/05 Other family members ca. 1802- 1931,1968   8.0 folders

Scope and Content Note

Clippings, correspondence and ephemera related to other Garcelon family members.

Organization and Arrangement

Alphabetical by name.

Box

Garcelon, Albert Bertam (1878-1969). Clipping 1902   

Garcelon, Daniel (1800-1880). Music book, [The New England Selection or Plain Psalmodist, compiled and published by Joel Read]. 1812   

Garcelon, Don (1886-1887). Memorial card Nov. 7, 1887   

Garcelon, Edith Spear (1861-1930). Clipping 1930   

Garcelon, Herbert Irving (1874-1968). Obituary Nov. 1968   

Garcelon, James B. (1827-1904). Walter A. Wood Mowing & Reaping Machine Co, copy of annual circular 1886   

Garcelon, Lucy M. (1798-1841). Music book, [The Temple Harmony, compiled by Japheth C. Washburn]. ca. 1818   

Garcelon, Olivia Spear (1830-1889). Calling card and memorial card ca. 1875, June 1, 1889   

Garcelon, Peter (1765-1827). Ledger book [from general store located in Lewiston, ME]; includes typed list of names, dates and goods sold. 1802-1804   

Garcelon, Washington(1809-1849). Correspondence to Capt. Peleg Curtis (copies of originals held by Bowdoin College). 1844   

Garcelon, Washington (1809-1849). Correspondence to Capt. Peleg Curtis (copies of originals held by Bowdoin College). 1845   

Garcelon, Washington (1809-1849). Correspondence to Capt. Peleg Curtis (copies of originals held by Bowdoin College). 1846   

Steward, Lydia Garcelon (1829-1931). Clippings re: 100th birthday 1929   

Steward, Lydia Garcelon (1829-1931). Correspondence 1929, 1931   

Swain, Rosanna Garcelon (1839-c. 1920). Correspondence Oct. 23, 1864   

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 MC106/06 Photographs 1871-1970, n.d.   0.5 Linear feet

Scope and Content Note

Contains images of many family members, including Alonzo and Charles Augustus Garcelon. Also includes images of George M. Pullman, Pullman cars and other rail cars.

Organization and Arrangement

Alphabetical by folder title.

Box

Garcelon, Albert Bertram (1 of 2) ca. 1900-1930   

Garcelon, Albert Bertram (2 of 2) OVERSIZE ca. 1895-1896   

Garcelon, Alice Clifford 1887   

Garcelon, Alonzo. Casket with honor guard of Lewiston policemen (1 of 6) OVERSIZE Dec. 1906   

Garcelon, Alonzo. Engraving (copy) (2 of 6) Undated   

Garcelon, Alonzo. Portrait (copy of original held by Maine Historical Society) (3 of 6) Undated   

Garcelon, Alonzo. Residence, Lewiston, Maine (4 of 6) ca. 1903, n.d.   

Garcelon, Alonzo with daughter-in-law, Esther Garcelon at American Medical Association convention (5 of 6) 1898   

Garcelon, Alonzo with granddaughter, Helen Francis Dennis (6 of 6) ca. 1906   

Garcelon, Alonzo Marston 1883   

Garcelon brothers: Joseph, Harris, Isaac, Capt. James, Moses, Col. William 1871   

Garcelon, Charles Augustus. 1908 Buick (1 of 7) OVERSIZE ca. 1908   

Garcelon, Charles Augustus and C. A. Garcelon, Jr. at boat dock on Kezar Lake, North Lovell, Maine (2 of 7) ca. 1910   

Garcelon, Charles Augustus and granddaughter, Glenda Gay Garcelon (3 of 7) ca. 1913   

Garcelon, Charles Augustus at Daisy Fogg property, North Lovell, Maine (4 of 7) ca 1908   

Garcelon, Charles Augustus. Mansion and camp on Kezar Lake, Lovell, Maine (5 of 7) 1970, n.d.   

Garcelon, Charles Augustus. Portrait (copy) (6 of 7) ca. 1913   

Garcelon, Charles Augusta. Steam launch, "Esther G." at town landing on Kezar Lake (7 of 7) ca. 1910   

Garcelon, Charles Augustus, Jr. (1 of 2) Undated   

Garcelon, Charles Augustus, Jr. (2 of 2) OVERSIZE ca. 1895   

Garcelon, Charles Frederic and Edyth Muriel Barker. Wedding April 8, 1939   

Garcelon, George William ca. 1900   

Garcelon, Glenda Gay and Charles Frederic Garcelon Undated   

Garcelon, Helen Stowell ca. 1911   

Garcelon, James and Deliverance. Memorial (copy) Undated   

Garcelon, Octavia Demerit Undated   

Garcelon, Olivia Nelson Spear ca. 1880   

Garcelon, William and Maria Harris Garcelon. Daguerreotype Undated   

Hill, Alvah Hanson (copy) ca. 1890   

Hill, Archie Lee (copy) ca. 1930   

Hill, Sarah Jane Coffin (copy) Undated   

Pullman Car Company cars and other rail cars ca. 1880s-1900, n.d.   

Pullman, George M. ca. 1885, 1890   

St. Pierre du Bois, Isle of Guernsey (copies) Undated   

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 MC106/07 Publications 1901, 1963   2.0 folders

Scope and Content Note

Assorted publications and programs.

Organization and Arrangement

Alphabetical by folder title.

Box

Lewiston, Augusta and Waterville Street Railway by O. R. Cummings 1963   

Weber and Field's Broadway Music Hall program 1901   

Yesterday's News (Lovell Historical Society); article on the Garcelon Mansion by David Garcelon Fall 2010   

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 MC106/08 Research material   2.0 folders

Scope and Content Note

Research compiled by David Garcelon on family members, other people and subjects found in the collection. Includes Garcelon genealogy information from ancestry.com.

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