Guide to the Edmund S. Muskie papers, 1826-2005 | MC105

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Summary Information

Repository
Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library
Creator
Muskie, Edmund S., 1914-1996
Title
Edmund S. Muskie papers
ID
MC105
Date [bulk]
Bulk, 1928-1996
Date [inclusive]
1826-2005
Extent
2346.0 Linear feet
General Physical Description note
5,335 manuscript boxes; 199 bound volumes; 628 audiocassettes; 400 reel-to-reel tapes; 39 record albums; 341 moving images; approximately 10,000 photographs; 16,523 35mm slides; 101 150mm slides; 1082 artifacts.
Language
English
Abstract
The Edmund S. Muskie Papers include his personal papers, office files, audiovisual materials, photographs, artifacts, and memorabilia. The collection documents his youth in Rumford, Maine; his years as a student at Bates College; his personal and family life; his service in the U.S. Navy during World War II; his law practice and other professional, public service and political activities in Waterville, Maine; his terms as a member of the Maine House of Representatives (1947-1951), director of the Maine District of the U.S. Office of Price Stabilization (1951-1952), governor of Maine (1955-1959), U.S. Senator (1959-1980), and U.S. Secretary of State (May 1980 to January 1981); his election campaigns including his 1968 vice presidential race and his bid for the 1972 Democratic nomination for the presidency; and his activities after retiring from the federal government.

Preferred Citation

Edmund S. Muskie papers, Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library, Bates College.

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Biographical note

Edmund Sixtus Muskie was born March 28, 1914 in Rumford, Maine to Stephen Muskie (1883-1956), a tailor and Polish immigrant, and Josephine Czarnecki Muskie (1891-1973), a Buffalo, N.Y.-born daughter of Polish immigrants. He was the second child and the first son born to the Muskies, who had a total of six children.

Edmund Muskie attended public schools in Rumford and was the Stephens High School Valedictorian in 1932. Muskie attended Bates College in Lewiston, Maine, where he was president of his class, vice president and secretary-treasurer of the Student Council, and a member of Phi Beta Kappa, and the nationally acclaimed Debating Council led by Prof. Brooks Quimby. To earn money during his summers while attending Bates, Muskie worked in the kitchen and on the service staff at a beach resort in Kennebunk, Maine. He also worked as a waiter and a dormitory assistant at Bates during the school year. In 1936 he graduated cum laude with a major in history and government.

After receiving his law degree from Cornell University, Muskie was admitted to the Massachusetts bar in 1939 and the Maine bar in 1940. He began practicing law in Waterville, Maine, but his career was interrupted in 1942, when he enlisted in the U.S. Navy. He served in both the Atlantic and Pacific theaters during World War II, and was an active member of AMVETS throughout his life. Muskie married Jane Gray, a Waterville shopgirl whom he met at an AMVETS event, in 1948. They had five children together, Stephen (1949- ), Ellen (1950- ), Melinda (1956- ), Martha (1958-2006) and Edmund S., Jr. (1961- ).

Muskie began his political career in the Maine House of Representatives, to which he was elected in 1946, 1948 and 1950. A Democrat in an overwhelmingly Republican state, he was able to rise to the position of minority floor leader during his second term. Shortly after he began his third term, he resigned from the House to become state director of the federal Office of Price Stabilization, a position he held until July 1952. He also represented Maine on the Democratic National Committee from 1952 to 1956, ran unsuccessfully for mayor of Waterville in 1947, was a member and secretary of the Waterville Board of Zoning Adjustment from 1948 to 1955, and served as Waterville's city solicitor in 1954.

During this period Muskie and other activists led a drive to build the Maine Democratic party into a force that would challenge the Republican party, which had dominated state politics since the Civil War. Their breakthrough came in 1954, when Muskie was elected governor of Maine, defeating an incumbent for the first time in state history. Although the Republican opposition controlled the legislature, Muskie used his considerable negotiating skills and his growing popularity to secure enactment of a number of sweeping measures during his governorship, including a major reorganization of state government.

After two successful terms as governor, Muskie challenged incumbent U.S. senator Frederick Payne in 1958 and again was victorious. He served in the U.S. Senate for 21 years, winning overwhelming reelection in 1964, 1970 and 1976. During his tenure he served on the Banking and Currency, Foreign Relations, Government Operations (later Governmental Affairs), and Environment and Public Works Committees, the Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Affairs and the Special Committee on Aging. In the 1970s he was the founder and first chair of the Senate Committee on the Budget, co-chaired the National Study Commission on Water Pollution, chaired the Legislative Review Committee of the Democratic Policy Committee, and was a member of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee. In these positions, he sponsored landmark federal environmental protection laws, including the Clean Air Act of 1970 and the Clean Water Act of 1972, oversaw efforts to strengthen cooperation between federal, state and local government agencies, and worked to provide stricter congressional oversight of the federal budget-writing process.

In the late 1960s Muskie emerged as a national political figure. The 1968 Democratic president nominee, Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey, selected Muskie as his vice presidential running mate. Although the ticket was defeated, his work that fall was credited with overcoming the deep divisions in the party over the Vietnam War and closing a wide gap with Republican candidates Richard M. Nixon and Spiro T. Agnew. Four years later he made a strong bid for the 1972 Democratic Party nomination for the presidency.

Muskie resigned from the U.S. Senate May 7, 1980, to become the 58th U.S. secretary of state, a position he held until January 20, 1981. During that brief tenure, he supervised the sensitive negotiations that eventually led to the release of 52 U.S. embassy personnel who were taken hostage in Iran on November 4, 1979.

After leaving federal employment, Muskie joined a law firm in Washington, D.C., and remained active in a number of organizations that dealt with foreign relations and the environment. He was president of the Center for National Policy, set up after the presidential election of 1980 to discuss and develop foreign policy alternatives for Democratic party leaders. He chaired the Nestle Infant Formula Audit Commission, which was established to review complaints that Nestle Corporation had violated World Health Organization guidelines on the marketing of breast-milk substitutes in undeveloped countries. He was a member of the President's Special Review Board (Tower Commission), which had been appointed by President Ronald Reagan to investigate secret U.S. arms sales to Iran and the diversion of proceeds from those sales to rebels fighting the Nicaraguan government. In 1989, he was made chair of the Maine Commission on Legal Needs, which the Maine Bar Foundation set up to recommend ways to provide low-income Maine citizens with equal access to legal assistance.

For over 30 years, Muskie was a member of the Roosevelt Campobello International Park Commission, which oversees the site of Franklin Delano Roosevelt's island summer estate on the border between Maine and New Brunswick. Founded at Muskie's urging in 1964, the park is dedicated to preserving and promoting Roosevelt's legacy. The commission chair is held by representatives of the U.S. and Canada in alternate terms. Until his death in 1996, Muskie presided over the commission whenever the United States had the chair.

Muskie was the author of the autobiographical Journeys, published in 1972, received over thirty honorary degrees from college and universities throughout the country, and was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1981. From 1957 to 1966 and again from 1970 to 1988, he served on the Bates College Board of Trustees.

Edmund S. Muskie died March 26, 1996 of heart failure following surgery to correct a blocked artery in his leg. Jane Gray Muskie died December 25, 2004 following a bout with Alzheimer's disease. Both they and their daughter Martha, who died of lupus January 2, 2006, are buried in Arlington National Cemetery.

Scope and Content

The Edmund S. Muskie papers include personal papers, office files, audiovisual materials, photographs, artifacts, and memorabilia documenting his youth, college years, family life, military service, political service and activities after retirement from the federal government.

This is one of the largest and most complete collections documenting the life and career of a modern U.S. political figure, excepting former presidents.

The bulk of Muskie's papers was created in the course of his work as a U.S. senator from 1959 to 1980. Smaller portions originated in his pre-Senate law practice and public service, his two terms as governor of Maine, his brief tenure as U.S. secretary of state, and his extensive work in public service following his retirement from the federal government in 1981. Additionally, significant portions of the Muskie papers originated with the Roosevelt Campobello International Park Commission (RCIPC) and the Nestle Infant Formula Audit Commission (NIFAC), both of which he helped create and lead.

The textual records consist of incoming and outgoing correspondence of all kinds; memoranda from Muskie's staff and consultants; typescripts and handwritten drafts of speeches and other public remarks; press releases; newspaper clippings; handwritten notes; reports, studies and reference materials on topics of interest to Muskie and his staff; and printed matter such as bills and publications. The records cover the entire range of issues that caught the attention of Muskie and those who worked for him, including his gubernatorial and senatorial staffs, legislative committee staff, and those who worked on his political campaigns.

In addition to textual records, the Muskie papers include many audio and visual materials documenting both his public appearances and his private life.

Each series description in the Muskie papers includes a detailed scope and content note.The Edmund S. Muskie papers is one of the largest and most complete collections documenting the life and career of a modern U.S. political figure, except for former presidents.

The papers document Muskie's personal life, the lives of his parents and his wife, his childrens' early lives, and every era of his career.

 

Arrangement

The collection is organized into 17 series. The first ten are function- or topic-based, and are arranged in approximately chronological order, while the last seven are format-based, and arranged in alphabetical order.

Due to a major restructuring of the collection's series in 2007, citations prior to this date may refer to series or boxes which have been renumbered or subsumed under other series within the current collection structure. Archives staff are able to assist in such cases by searching a non-public database to determine the current location of previously-cited material.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

 Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library

70 Campus Avenue
Lewiston, Maine, 04240
207-786-6354
muskie@bates.edu

Access Restrictions

Five categories of materials are restricted in the Muskie papers, all of which are noted in container lists, internal database records and physically on the affected boxes and folders. In many cases, restricted material comprises only a portion of a restricted folder. Researchers may request access to a restricted folder, in which case archives staff may review the folder and provide access to any materials that should not be restricted.

1. Student academic records: Restricted for 75 years from date of creation. Contained in Series I; will be open without restriction in 2011 (box 11) and 2064 (box 13). Information about a particular student may be released to that student.

2. Materials restricted to protect personal privacy: Restricted for 75 years from date of creation. Occurs in Series II, V.A.1, V.A.3-V.A.12, V.B and V.C; will be open without restriction on a rolling basis from 2032-2055. Includes case files, personnel files and items bearing Social Security Numbers. Case files and personnel files may be released to the individuals about whom the files were created, or to others if the individual about whom the file was created is deceased and releasing the file is unlikely to significantly impinge upon the personal privacy of a living individual. Redacted copies of items bearing Social Security Numbers may be released upon request.

3. Confidential Congressional committee reports: Restricted for 50 years from date of creation. Occurs in Series V.C; will be open without restriction around 2018. Reports restricted per consultation with NARA Center for Legislative Archives.

4. Susan Harrigan’s diaries: Restricted per donor agreement; access requires written permission of donor until April 5, 2024 or death of donor. Occurs in Series VI.F and XVII.A.

5. Potentially attorney-client privileged and/or proprietary materials: Closed until further notice. Occurs in Series VII, Boxes 120-141 and several unprocessed boxes of materials received from Jane Muskie’s estate. Includes records from Chadbourne, Parke, Whiteside & Wolf that likely contain attorney-client privileged and/or proprietary information intermingled with non-attorney-client-privileged material documenting Muskie’s professional work from 1980-1996.

Use Restrictions

The collection is the physical property of Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library. Bates College holds literary rights only for material created by College personnel working on official behalf of the College, or for material which was given to the College with such rights specifically assigned. For all other material, literary rights, including copyright, belong to the authors or their legal heirs and assigns. Researchers are responsible for obtaining permission from rights holders for publication or other purposes that exceed fair use.

Accretions

In 1994 and in 1996, Bates College received two shipments of records documenting Muskie's life since leaving public office which were maintained in his Washington, D.C. law office. A third accretion was received from the estate of Jane G. Muskie in 2005 and accessioned in 2006. Relatively small groups of files donated at various times by former Muskie staffers and others have also been integrated into the collection. Accession No.: 001-80-01, 001-86-01.

Acquisition

The Edmund S. Muskie Papers were deposited at Bates College in June 1980, when Muskie was named U.S. secretary of state. In 1985, several of Muskie's friends and former staff members, with assistance from the College, raised sufficient funds to support the renovation of the former women's gymnasium into the Edmund S. Muskie Archives building, which was dedicated in September of that year. Muskie's papers were formally donated to Bates College on April 23, 1986. Intellectual property rights in the unpublished writings of Edmund S. Muskie were given to the College in an addendum to the deed of gift signed December 8, 1989. The right to dispose of items from the collection was granted to the College by the Muskie heirs in 2007.

Processing Information

Initial processing was begun by several student assistants in the spring of 1985 under the direction of James Garner Ross, a Bates College student who was writing an honors thesis on Muskie's early life, with guidance from Robert W. Allison of the Department of Religion. In Fall 1985, Lois M. Griffiths, a library employee, was appointed to supervise the processing. She continued as technical coordinator until her retirement in 1995. Ralph R. Perkins, Jr., served as technical assistant from 1987 to 2001 and prepared folder-level descriptive data.

From 1988 to 2005, Christopher M. Beam directed the processing of the papers and wrote the finding aid. Between 2006 and 2007, Christie S. Peterson completed the processing and description of the papers, including a significant reworking of the series structure and organization, as Project Archivist under a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Administration. Peterson continued as Processing Archivist for the Muskie papers through September 2010, during which time significant portions of the collection were deaccessioned, re-processed, reformatted or rehoused, and standardized restrictions were applied to the entire collection, among other activities.

Between 2007 and 2010, significant quantities of material determined to be of limited research or historical value were deaccessioned from the following series: Series I: Personal and Family Records; Series II: Waterville Law Practice; Series V.A: U.S. Senate, Washington Office; Series XII: Artifacts; and Series XIV: Clippings. Generic and, in some cases, specific information about folders and items removed from the collection as part of this process is available upon request.

Processing was funded in part by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission, NAR06GRANT-077.

Existence and Location of Copies

Portions of Series XIV: Clippings; and Series XII: Scrapbooks have been microfilmed. Researchers who wish to consult these items are asked to use the copies on microfilm in the Micromedia Section of Ladd Library (ground floor).

Photographic prints and negatives have been digitized for access and reference purposes on an as-needed basis.

Obsolete or obsolescing media in Series XV: Moving Images; and Series XVII: Audio Recordings have been reformatted for access and preservation purposes. Current access formats in the collection include VHS cassette tapes, DVD-R discs and CD-R discs. All may be used in the archives reading room, and most can be duplicated for research purposes.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials

James B. Longley Gubernatorial Papers, Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library, Bates College

Maine Commission on Legal Needs Records, Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library, Bates College

Edmund S. Muskie Foundation Records, Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library, Bates College

Edmund S. Muskie Oral History Collection, Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library, Bates College

Karl Braithwaite papers, Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library, Bates College

WCSH-TV Videotape Collection, Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library, Bates College

Separated Materials

Some files have been removed from the collection due to classification under national security regulations of the U.S. government. All material so identified has either been returned to the Department of State or been referred to the Information Security Oversight Office of the National Archives and Records Administration for classification review, which is ongoing. Such files were found in Series V: U.S. Senate; Series VI: Political Campaigns; Series VII. Secretary of State; and Series VIII: Post-Secretary of State. Separation sheets have been inserted whenever documents were removed from files pursuant to this process.

Books from Muskie's personal library have been cataloged separately as the Edmund S. Muskie Book Collection, and can be browsed by searching for "Muskie" as an Alternate Call Number in the Ladd Library catalog.

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Collection Inventory

Series I: Personal and family records 1912-2004 Bulk 1930-1954, 1981-2004   29 linear feet; 59 manuscript boxes

Series Overview

The documents in this series comprise a variety of personal records belonging to Muskie and his immediate family: wife, Jane Gray Muskie; mother, Josephine Czarnecki Muskie; father, Stephen Muskie; and a few other family members. Records related to Muskie document his student years and subsequent service in the Navy, as well as personal correspondence, financial records, and documents related to his death and estate.

See fuller description and detailed inventory in series-level finding aid.

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Series II: Waterville law practice 1826-1963 Bulk 1940-1956   5 linear feet; 7 manuscript boxes; 22 volumes

Series Overview

In 1940 Muskie purchased the law practice of deceased Waterville attorney Carl Blackington. Muskie maintained the practice until his reelection as governor in 1956. Most of his legal work consisted of civil cases such as probate pleadings, trustee accounts, domestic issues, contracts, tax adjudications, and suits filed by individuals and local businesses in the Waterville area. His practice is documented by the administrative records that make up this series.

See fuller description and detailed inventory in series-level finding aid.

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Series III: Early public service 1946-1954   9 linear feet; 19 manuscript boxes

Series Overview

Between his discharge from the Navy in 1946 and his election as governor of Maine in 1953, Muskie served as a member of the State Legislature and directed the Maine district of the U.S. Office of Price Stabilization (OPS). He was also active with a number of public service and political organizations such as AMVETS and the Democratic Party. The series contains correspondence, notes, publications, and financial records documenting those activities.

See fuller description and detailed inventory in series-level finding aid.

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Series IV: Governor 1952-1958   116 linear feet; 232 manuscript boxes

Series Overview

Records in this series include correspondence, appointments and nominations, invitations and speaking engagements, Muskie's personal and special bank account files, legislative papers, resource files and campaign files from Muskie's two terms as governor of Maine (1955-1959).

See fuller description and detailed inventory in series-level finding aid.

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Series V: U.S. Senate 1935-1981 Bulk 1959-1980   1477 linear feet; 3594 manuscript boxes

Series Overview

This series consists of the files maintained by Muskie's U.S. Senate offices in Washington, D.C. and Maine.

The records in this series document the entire range of the activities of Muskie and members of his staff during his Senate career (1959-1980), from the crafting of legislation to responding to constituent requests for intercession with federal agencies to the tracking of local and national issues that came to the attention of Muskie or his staff. The preponderance of the material deals with matters of immediate legislative interest to Muskie, such as the development of federal pollution control legislation, the operation of the federal civil service and intergovernmental relations, and, in the 1970s, congressional oversight of the federal budget-writing process, and the settlement of the Maine Indian land claims. The files also contain considerable documentation on national and international issues such as the Vietnam War.

This series is very large; therefore separate finding aids are available for each of the following subseries:

Series V, Subseries A: Washington Office 1959-1980   1121.75 linear feet; 2374 manuscript boxes and 2 index card boxes

Subseries Overview

This subseries, by far the largest in the collection, consists of files maintained by Muskie's U.S. Senate office staff in Washington, DC. They are organized by congressional session, and thereunder according to the office filing system in use during that session. File types include case files, correspondence files, legislative files, personal files, political files, press files, project files, resource files, scheduling files and sponsorship/co-sponsorship files.

See fuller description and detailed inventory in subseries-level finding aid.

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Series V, Subseries B: Local Offices 1947-1980 Bulk 1960-1980   196 linear feet; 392 manuscript boxes

Subseries Overview

In addition to his main Senate office in Washington, D.C., Muskie maintained at least one office in Maine throughout his Senate career. For most of that time, the Waterville Office was his main base of operations in the state. By the end of his career, however, Muskie had opened local offices throughout Maine. The files in this subseries represent the records of offices in Bangor, Biddeford, Lewiston, Portland, Presque Isle and Waterville.

See fuller description and detailed inventory in subseries-level finding aid.

Series V, Subseries C: Senate office and committee staff files 1963-1980   50 linear feet; 104 manuscript boxes and 1 oversize box

Subseries Overview

Washington senate office staffers represented in this subseries include Jim Case, Peter N. Kyrose, Charles Micoleau, Don Nicoll and Maynard Toll. This subseries also includes files from staffers on the Senate Public Works Committee Special Subcommittee on Air and Water Pollution (Leon G. Billings and Karl Braithwaite), and the Senate Budget Committee (John McEvoy).

See fuller description and detailed inventory in subseries-level finding aid.

Series V, Subseries D: Senate career summary files 1935-1980 Bulk 1959-1980   40 linear feet; 84 manuscript boxes

Subseries Overview

This subseries includes sets of files that span multiple congressional sessions and that summarize Muskie's senate career. This subseries is divided into two types of files, those containing Muskie's legislative and voting records, and those containing copies of Muskie speeches, press releases, reprints and the like.

See fuller description and detailed inventory in subseries-level finding aid.

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Series VI: Political campaigns 1957-1977   331 linear feet; 662 manuscript boxes

Series Overview

This series contains the records of six of Muskie's political campaigns - his election to the U.S. Senate in 1958 and his reelection races in 1964, 1970 and 1976; his race as the 1968 Democratic nominee for the U.S. vice presidency; and his bid for the 1972 Democratic presidential nomination. They also include material on Muskie's efforts on behalf of the Presidential campaign of John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson in 1960.

See fuller description and detailed inventory in series-level finding aid.

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Series VII: U.S. Secretary of State 1979-1981 Bulk 1980-1981   13 linear feet; 26 manuscript boxes

Series Overview

This series comprises Muskie's personal files from his tenure as U.S. secretary of state under President Carter and contains personal correspondence, scheduling files, clippings, briefing books, texts of speeches, and files related to Mrs. Muskie.

See fuller description and detailed inventory in series-level finding aid.

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Series VIII: Post-Secretary of State 1979-1996 Bulk 1981-1996   161 linear feet; 322 manuscript boxes

Series Overview

This series contains files related to with Muskie's activities after leaving office as secretary of state in 1981, and document his work as senior partner at the Washington, DC law firm of Chadbourne and Parke; his leadership in numerous public service organizations such as the Center for National Policy and the Maine Commission on Legal Needs; and his service on the President's Special Review Board to investigate the Iran-Contra scandal.

See fuller description and detailed inventory in series-level finding aid.

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Series IX: Roosevelt Campobello International Park Commission 1963-1996   24 linear feet; 48 manuscript boxes

Series Overview

This series includes correspondence, reports, agenda, and minutes related to the creation and management of Roosevelt Campobello International Park. It also contains several files on the proposed installation of an oil refinery in nearby Pittston, Maine, which became an object of considerable controversy in the late 1970s, and which some members of the commission feared might have an adverse impact on the park.

See fuller description and detailed inventory in series-level finding aid.

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Series X: Nestle Infant Formula Audit Commission (NIFAC) 1978-1994   111 linear feet; 222 manuscript boxes

Series Overview

Edmund S. Muskie served as the chairman of the Nestle Infant Formula Audit Commission (NIFAC), which was established to review complaints that Nestle Corporation had violated World Health Organization guidelines on the marketing of breast-milk substitutes in developing countries. This series contains the records of the commission, Muskie's personal records related to the commission, and the records of several other commission members.

See fuller description and detailed inventory in series-level finding aid.

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Series XI: Albums and Scrapbooks 1931-2000 Bulk 1931-1940, 1950-1980   86.0 volumes

Series Overview

These photograph albums and scrapbooks were compiled by Muskie, his family, and his staff, and cover his student years, his political career, and his activities post-politics. Of particular note are Volumes 29-45, which are Muskie's official Senate scrapbooks.

See fuller description and detailed inventory in series-level finding aid.

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Series XII: Appointment Books and Visitors' Books 1946-1996 bulk 1955-1980   87.0 volumes

Series Overview

This series contains appointment books and visitors' books kept throughout Muskie's adult life.

See fuller description and detailed inventory in series-level finding aid.

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Series XIII: Artifacts 1884-2005 Bulk 1950-1980   1082.0 artifacts

Series Overview

The Artifacts series comprises three-dimensional objects associated with Edmund Muskie, his family or his career.

See fuller description and detailed inventory in series-level finding aid.

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Series XIV: Clippings 1954-2000   44 linear feet; 72 manuscript boxes; 7 oversize boxes; 37 microfilm rolls

Series Overview

The series comprises clippings related to Muskie's political career, personal life, and death. The majority of the series has been microfilmed and is available for use in Ladd library. The remainder of the series, approximately one quarter of the total clippings, has not been microfilmed, and can be used in the archives reading room.

See fuller description and detailed inventory in series-level finding aid.

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Series XV: Moving images 1948-2000   383.0 Items

Series Overview

This series contains films and videotapes related to Muskie, including campaign spots, speeches, public appearances, television interviews, congressional and federal executive agency hearings on federal pollution control legislation, educational films and family home movies.

See fuller description and detailed inventory in series-level finding aid.

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Series XVI: Photographs circa 1890-2005   26,615 items

Series Overview

This series contains photographic negatives, prints and slides spanning Muskie's entire personal life and career.

See fuller description and detailed inventory in series-level finding aid.

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Series XVII: Sound recordings 1950-1980   631 audiocassettes; 400 reel-to-reel tapes

Series Overview

This series consists of three subseries organized by format - cassette tapes, open-reel tapes and phonograph records. Recordings include Muskie's speeches and other public remarks, including question-and-answer sessions, press conferences, radio and television interviews and news broadcasts, campaign spots for broadcast over radio or television, and congressional hearings.

See fuller description and detailed inventory in series-level finding aid.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • American Veterans (Organization).
  • Bates College (Lewiston, Me.)
  • Maine. Governor
  • Maine. Legislature. House of Representatives.
  • Nestle Infant Formula Audit Commission.
  • United States. Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations.
  • United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Banking and Currency.
  • United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Environment and Public Works.
  • United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Foreign Relations.
  • United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Government Operations.
  • United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Governmental Affairs.
  • United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Public Works.
  • United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Budget.
  • United States. Congress. Senate. Special Committee on Aging.
  • United States. President's Special Review Board

Geographic Name(s)

  • Maine--Politics and government
  • Roosevelt Campobello International Park (N.B.)
  • Rumford (Me.)
  • United States--Foreign relations.
  • United States--Politics and government--20th century
  • Waterville (Me.)

Personal Name(s)

  • Humphrey, Hubert H. (Hubert Horatio), 1911-1978
  • Muskie, Edmund S., 1914-1996
  • Muskie, Jane Gray
  • Muskie, Josephine Czarnecki, 1891-1973
  • Muskie, Stephen, 1883-1956

Subject(s)

  • Arms control -- United States -- History -- 20th century
  • Cabinet officers -- United States
  • Elections -- United States -- History -- 20th century
  • Environmental policy -- United States -- History -- 20th century
  • Environmentalism
  • Foreign ministers -- United States
  • Governors -- Maine
  • Iran Hostage Crisis, 1979-1981
  • Iran-Contra Affair, 1985-1990
  • Legislation -- United States -- History
  • Legislators -- Maine
  • Practice of law -- Maine
  • Presidential candidates -- United States
  • Presidents -- United States -- Election -- 1972
  • Urban renewal -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
  • Vice-Presidential candidates -- United States

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Bibliography

Asbell, Bernard. The Senate Nobody Knows. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1981; reprint of Garden City, New York: Doubleday, [1978].

Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774-1989. Alexandria, Virginia: CQ Staff Directories, Inc., 1997, and http://bioguide.congress.gov.

Flippen, J. Brooks. Nixon and the Environment. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, [2000].

Hansen, Donald C, and Theo Lipman, Jr. Muskie. New York: Norton, [1971].

Muskie, Edmund S. Journeys. Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1972.

Nevin, David. Muskie. New York: Random House, [1972].

Ross, James Garner. "As Maine Goes... The Early Years of Edmund Muskie." Honors thesis; Department of English, Bates College, Lewiston, Maine, 1986.

1936 Mirror [yearbook]. Bates College Archives.

Arlington National Cemetary Website