Guide to the Muskie Foundation records, 1969-2005, n.d. | MC070

Summary Information

Repository
Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library
Creator
Edmund S. Muskie Foundation
Title
Muskie Foundation records
ID
MC070
Date
1969-2005, undated
Extent
4.5 Linear feet
Language
English
Abstract
Administrative records and reference files of the Edmund S. Muskie Foundation, organized in 1996 to promote the legacy of Senator and Secretary of State Edmund S. Muskie and directed by Muskie's former chief of staff Leon Billings. The collection also includes political cartoons of Muskie by Pat Oliphant.

Preferred Citation

Muskie Foundation records, Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library, Bates College.

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Historical Note

The Edmund S. Muskie Foundation was organized in 1996, shortly after the death of former Senator Edmund S. Muskie, to honor and continue his lifelong commitment to preserving the environment and fostering civic responsibility. The Foundation serves as a focal point for the funding of institutions and sponsorship of programs that commemorate and extend Senator Muskie's work.

The Foundation supports the Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library at Bates College in Lewiston, Maine; contributes to the programs of the Edmund S. Muskie School of Public Service at the University of Southern Maine in Portland; holds seminars and forums on environmental, foreign policy, public integrity, and intergovernmental relations issues; and conducts other programs in furtherance of it's mission.

The Foundation is based in Bethany Beach, Delaware, and is directed by Leon Billings, a former Muskie staffer.

Scope and Content Note

The collection contains administrative records, including financial and fundraising records; files related to event planning, including the 80th birthday party of Edmund S. Muskie; reference files about Edmund S. Muskie, including copies of some of his speeches and newsclippings about his life and death; a series of political cartoons of Muskie done by Pat Oliphant; and a series of charcoal drawings of Muskie done by Tracy Sugarman (on loan to the Muskie School of Public Service at the University of Southern Maine.

Organization and Arrangement

Organized into five series: I. Administrative files; II. Events; III. Edmund S. Muskie; IV. Oliphant cartoons; and V. Sugarman drawings.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

 Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library

70 Campus Avenue
Lewiston, Maine, 04240
207-786-6354
muskie@bates.edu

Access Restrictions

Administrative files containing financial information are restricted and may only be consulted with the permission of the Director.

Use Restrictions

The collection is the physical property of Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library. Bates College holds literary rights only for material created by College personnel working on official behalf of the College, or for material which was given to the College with such rights specifically assigned. For all other material, literary rights, including copyright, belong to the authors or their legal heirs and assigns. Researchers are responsible for obtaining permission from rights holders for publication or other purposes that exceed fair use.

Acquisition and Custody Information

Gift of Muskie Foundation. Accession No.: 0046.98.01, 2009.134.

Processing Information

Processed by Kat Stefko, 2008.

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Related Materials

Related Material

Edmund S. Muskie Papers, Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library, Bates College

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Controlled Access Headings

Personal Name(s)

  • Billings, Leon
  • Muskie, Edmund S., 1914-1996
  • Oliphant, Pat, 1935-
  • Sugarman, Tracy, 1921-

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Collection Inventory

 MC070/01 Administrative files 1981-2005   1.0 linear foot

Scope and Content Note

Contains correspondence and related material pertaining to the founding and administration of the Edmund S. Muskie Foundation. Also includes Leon Billing's files related to fundraising for the Muskie Archives predating the establishment of the Foundation.

Organization and Arrangement

Arranged in alphabetical order; correspondence is filed in reverse chronological order.

Box

Correspondence 1998   

Correspondence 1997-1998   

Correspondence 1996-1997   

Correspondence (1 of 3) 1996   

Correspondence (2 of 3) 1996   

Correspondence (3 of 3) 1996   

Access Restrictions

Restricted

Correspondence - Bates College 1996   2.0 folders

Access Restrictions

Restricted

Correspondence - Maine 1997-1998   

Correspondence - Maine 1997   

Muskie Archives - brochures 1996-2005   

Muskie Archives fundraiser [Leon Billings] 1984-1985   

Access Restrictions

Restricted

Muskie Archives fundraiser mailing list 1981   

Access Restrictions

Restricted

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 MC070/02 Events 1984-2000   1.0 linear foot

Scope and Content Note

Files related to the planning of Edmund S. Muskie's 80th birthday party by his friends and former staff, particularly Leon Billings, Carole Parmalee and Gayle Corey. Also includes files related to the dedication of various memorials to Muskie.

Organization and Arrangement

Arranged in alphabetical order by folder title.

Box

Dedication of ESM Federal Building 1984   

Dedication of Chadbourne Parke conference center 2000   

Dedication of Rumford, ME memorial 1999-2000   2.0 folders

ESM's 80th birthday dinner [Leon Billings] 1993-1995   3.0 folders

ESM's 80th birthday dinner [Gayle Corey] 1993-1994   4.0 folders

ESM's 80th birthday dinner [Carole Parmalee] 1993-1994   4.0 folders

ESM's 80th birthday dinner mailing lists and planning 1993-1994   3.0 folders

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 MC070/03 Edmund S. Muskie 1970-2001   1.0 linear foot

Scope and Content Note

Contains obituaries and other biographical information about Edmund S. Muskie; copies of some of his speeches; and a small amount of correspondence between Muskie and Leon Billings.

Organization and Arrangement

Alphabetical by folder title.

Box

Biography 2000   

Clippings [some kept by Carole Parmalee] 1996   9.0 folders

Correspondence between Edmund S. Muskie and Leon Billings 1985-1995   

Correspondence with and articles by Robert F. Blomquist 1993-2001   4.0 folders

General information, including some speeches and articles 1979-1985   

Memorial service in Maine 1996   

Tributes to Muskie 1996   

Speeches - Clean Air Act 1970-1995   

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 MC070/04 Pat Oliphant cartoons 1969-1996   1.5 Linear feet

Scope and Content Note

Contains fifteen political cartoons of Ed Muskie done by Pat Oliphant. The majority relates to Muskie's bid for the presidency in 1972.

Organization and Arrangement

Cartoons are arranged in chronological order.

Box

 Oliphant, Pat, 1935- Knock-knock joke cartoon "You mean you've forgotten already?" January 21, 1969   1.0 drawing

Scope and Content Note

Richard Nixon won a bitterly contested 1968 presidential election by a margin of less than 0.7% of the popular vote--much to the credit of Muskie's campaigning skills. Yet by the inaugural, even Democratic nominee Hubert Humphrey had become conciliatory. Oliphant's cartoon was a pointed reminder of other points of view. Anita Holst-Jensen.

   Oliphant, Pat, 1935- Democratic candidates leapfrogging to edge of cliff. Democratic Hopefuls Sept. 24, 1970   1.0 drawing

Scope and Content Note

By September 1970, domestic protest of the expansion of the Vietnam war into Cambodia and rising inflation and unemployment had eroded Nixon's approval ratings. His effort to regain momentum by "positive polarization"- vilification of all opponents- intensified dissent. Increasing numbers of Democrats saw themselves as presidential candidates. Oliphant's cartoon was prescient: Ultimately 13 Democrats sought the 1972 nomination. Anita Holst-Jensen.

   Oliphant, Pat, 1935- Nixon facing the ghost of Muskie at the end of his bed. "Dick, Are you having those dreams again?" Jan. 27, 1971   1.0 drawing

Scope and Content Note

A hard-edged and unsuccessful effort by Nixon to gain an "ideological majority" in the Senate in 1970 climaxed on election eve. Muskie's calm, reasoned broadcast speech compared favorably to television images of a shrill Nixon ranting at antiwar demonstrators. Muskie appeared increasingly 'presidential' in contrast to Nixon. By December 1970, their approval ratings were even amid broad speculation that Nixon's would be a one-term presidency. Anita Holst-Jensen.

   Oliphant, Pat, 1935- Kennedy skates by Muskie/Nixon claiming not to be running. "Just ignore me - I'm not running." Dec. 5, 1971   1.0 drawing

Scope and Content Note

During 1971, the crowded Democratic field threatened to overwhelm the nominating process. Rankand file voters reacted by telling pollsters they would just as soon vote for another Kennedy. Senator Kennedy continued to assert that he was not a candidate while his supporters fueled a series of press stories. Anita Holst-Jensen.

 Oliphant, Pat, 1935- Muskie and Nixon on dueling soapboxes with POWs. The war solution. Feb. 4, 1972   1.0 drawing

Scope and Content Note

Throughout Nixon's first term, the plight of POWs in Vietnam was the Administration's counterargument to antiwar opponents. By 1972, public cynicism about Nixon's plans to "end the war" was widespread. On January 25, 1972, Nixon outlined a new political settlement. Muskie called it a "welcome initiative" while offering his own proposals. Nixon's proposal was, of course, rejected by Hanoi. Oliphant illustrates the sense of exhaustion which gripped many Americans about the dueling proposals and the war itself. Anita Holst-Jensen.

   Oliphant, Pat, 1935- If elected, I will go to Taiwan. "You could say 'If elected I will go to Taiwan.'" Feb. 29, 1972   1.0 drawing

Scope and Content Note

With the People's Republic of China pursuing normalized relations with the world community, Nixon's National Security, Henry Kissinger, secretly visited Peking (Beijing) in October, and arranged a visit for the President. The secret diplomacy and presidential visit created a sensation. Nixon himself joked that the China visit was a great TV pilot and out to be made into a series. Naturally, the China visit virtually preempted other news, particularly news of Democratic presidential candidates. Anita Holst-Jensen.

   Oliphant, Pat, 1935- McCarthy shoots holes in Muskie's hat. "That's 'mean Gene', Mister- Not 'clean Gene'!" Mar. 13, 1972   1.0 drawing

Scope and Content Note

Hours after Muskie made his candidacy official, former Senator McCarthy announced he intended to hold Muskie "accountable" for his stance on the Vietnam war before 1968 and his role in the 1968 Convention. Observers speculated McCarthy was seeking revenge. His unexpectedly strong showing in the 1968 New Hampshire primary forced President Johnson not to seek reelection, but McCarthy's candidacy faded. Anita Holst-Jensen.

   Oliphant, Pat, 1935- Muskie in golf course sand trap. "Ed- See you at the 5th?" Apr. 5, 1972   1.0 drawing

Scope and Content Note

With Muskie the front-runner, the early Democratic primaries in 1972 amounted to a "stop-Muskie" effort. By the time of the Wisconsin primary, Geroge McGovern, George Wallace and Hubert Humphrey had largely succeeded. Muskie finished a disappointing fourth. The setting sun in Oliphant's cartoon was prophetic: Twenty-one days later, after the Pennsylvania primary, Muskie officially announced his withdrawal. Anita Holst-Jensen.

   Oliphant, Pat, 1935- An offer to wheel Wallace into the convention. 'Wheel you inside, sir?' July 6, 1972   1.0 drawing

Scope and Content Note

As the convention opened, McGovern's delegate votes fell short of assuring him a first-ballot victory. The attempt on George Wallace's life in May had left Wallace physically crippled, but he still controlled more than 300 delegate votes. Concerns about McGovern's electability and opposition from the AFL-CIO's George Meany led to speculation that other candidates, including Humphrey and Muskie, would seek a deal with Wallace delegates to block McGovern. Anita Holst-Jensen.

   Oliphant, Pat, 1935- McGovern being robbed by Muskie, Humphrey, Chisolm. 'I don't remember writing this in the rules..' July 1972   1.0 drawing

Scope and Content Note

In 1972 the Democratic Party instituted the "McGovern Rules" which sought to guarantee representation to women and minorities and thus ensured a large number of first-time convention delegates. Challenges to several delegations, and Humphrey's challenge to the "winner-take-all" rule in California, prompted McGovern to react with hyperbole. He told a reporter, "There will never be a case in American politics of such a naked power grab.." Anita Holst-Jensen.

   Oliphant, Pat, 1935- Muskie finds moths in Carter foreign policy files. 'You finding everything you need?' May 9, 1980   1.0 drawing

Scope and Content Note

When the "Desert One" rescue mission failed, Secretary of State Vance resigned and Muskie took his place. The nation faced multiple foreign policy challenges in Asia, Europe, and the Middle East. All combined to create a daunting workload for the new Secretary. Meanwhile, the ambition of Nation Security Advisor Brzezinski, and President Carter's withdrawal into a "Rose Garden" political strategy, helped create the widely held impression of a bankrupt foreign policy. Anita Holst-Jensen.

   Oliphant, Pat, 1935- Muskie and Carter thumbing a ride to Europe. 'Why don't you go back and hide in the trees, and let me take over the thumbing for a while!' May 12, 1980   1.0 drawing

Scope and Content Note

President Carter had instituted a series of "get tough" foreign policy initiatives in reponse to the Iran hostage taking and Soviet intervention in Afghanistan. Despite misgivings, on April 22, 1980, NATO governments agreed to consider sanctions against Iran as a way to help stave off a U.S. military response. Two days later, on April 24, Carter launched the Desert One mission. As the new Secretary of State took office, Carter's credibility in NATO was rapidly eroding. Anita Holst-Jensen.

   Oliphant, Pat, 1935- Carter sitting on globe. 'And I think it would be nice if we could nuke Iran or free Poland sometime in October' 1980   1.0 drawing

Scope and Content Note

Carter never regained the political momentum he had surrendered by adopting the "Rose Garden" strategy- which was designed to convey the impression that Carter was too busy to campaign for reelection. The strategy was abandoned when Muskie became Secretary of State and the President's focus on the campaign barely strayed thereafter, despite the long foreign policy agenda. The reference to freeing Poland harks back to a 1976 Carter-Ford presidential debate in which former President Ford declared that Poland was a "free" country. Anita Holst-Jensen.

   Oliphant, Pat, 1935- Muskie and Gromyko dancing. Minuet. May 19, 1980   1.0 drawing

Scope and Content Note

After the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1980, President Carter imposed a virtual embargo on all U.S.-Soviet contacts. By May, 1980, when Muskie met with Soviet Foreign Minister Gromyko in Vienna, Muskie characterized the talks as merely "a diplomatic minuet as we each recite our reactions to the other's actions over the past six to eight months." Oliphant's cartoon exactly catches that characterization. Anita Holst-Jensen.

   Oliphant, Pat, 1935- A Mountain in Maine. Mar. 28, 1996   1.0 drawing

Scope and Content Note

Although Oliphant's cartoons typically illustrate the political elements of Muskie's career- as political cartoons must- the stature Muskie earned through his work as a legislator and a statesman is captured in the final Muskie cartoon, drawn to commemorate his death in March, 1996. Anita Holst-Jensen.

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 MC070/05 Tracy Sugarman drawings Undated   6.0 Items

Scope and Content Note

A collection of six drawings of Edmund S. Muskie done by artist/illustrator Tracey Sugarman. These drawings were given to the Muskie Archives in 2009 and are on long-term loan to the Muskie School of Public Service at the University of Southern Maine where they can be viewed.

Organization and Arrangement

Itemized.

Box

   Sugarman, Tracy, 1921- Portrait of Edmund S. Muskie. Charcoal and crayon on paper.   1.0 drawing

   Sugarman, Tracy, 1921- Portrait of Edmund S. Muskie. Charcoal and crayon on paper.   1.0 drawing

   Sugarman, Tracy, 1921- Portrait of Edmund S. Muskie. Charcoal and crayon on paper.   1.0 drawing

   Sugarman, Tracy, 1921- Portrait of Edmund S. Muskie. Charcoal and crayon on paper.   1.0 drawing

   Sugarman, Tracy, 1921- Portrait of Edmund S. Muskie. Charcoal and crayon on paper.   1.0 drawing

   Sugarman, Tracy, 1921- Portrait of Edmund S. Muskie. Charcoal and crayon on paper.   1.0 drawing

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