Guide to the Hanford Civil War letters, 1862-1865 | MC049

Summary Information

Repository
Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library
Creator
Hanford family
Title
Hanford Civil War letters
ID
MC049
Date
1862-1865
Extent
38.0 letters
Language
English
Abstract
The collection consists of 38 letters written between 1862 and 1865, most to Levi and Elizabeth Hanford of Hobart, Delaware County, N.Y. by four of their nephews: James Oscar Hanford, Horace S. Hanford, Chauncey D. Hanford and Crandal B. Hanford. These men served in the 144th New York Volunteer Infantry, a Delaware County Regiment during the Civil War. The Regiment, which was organized into 10 companies, drilled at Camp Delaware located near Delhi, New York. It was sworn into Federal service on September 27, 1862 and mustered out at Elmira in July of 1865. There are also a few letters written to their son Charles or by Nancie Hanford, Chauncey Hanford's wife, and Raymond S. Champlin who appears to be a family friend. The collection also includes two copies of The New South, a newspaper published out of Port Royal, South Carolina (dated April 9 and July 23, 1864) and a copy of The Palmetto Herald, another newspaper published out of Port Royal, South Carolina (dated April 7, 1864).

Preferred Citation

Hanford Civil War letters, Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library, Bates College.

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Historical Note

Most of the letters are written to Levi and Elizabeth Hanford of Hobart, Delaware County, N.Y., by four of their nephews: James Oscar Hanford, Horace S. Hanford, Chauncey D. Hanford and Crandal B. Hanford; Chauncey and Crandal are half-brothers. These men served in the 144th New York Volunteer Infantry, a Delaware County Regiment during the Civil War. In August and September of 1862, the Regiment, which was organized into 10 companies, drilled at "Camp Delaware" located near Delhi, New York. It was sworn into Federal service on September 27, 1862 and mustered out at Elmira in July of 1865.

Others letters are written by Nancie Hanford, Chauncey's wife, and Raymond S. Champlin who appears to be a family friend. A couple of the letters are written to Charles Hanford, son of Levi and Elizabeth Hanford. A person named George, also serving in the Civil War, is mentioned in some of the letters; he is a brother to James Hanford.

James O. Hanford was born in Harpersfield, N.Y. and worked as a farmer. On August 27, 1862 at the age of 18, he enlisted in the Regiment as part of Company C. He was promoted to Corporal on October 1, 1864 and mustered out of service on June 25, 1865.

Chauncey D. Hanford was born in Davenport, N.Y. and was employed as a carpenter. He joined Company C on August 18, 1862 at the age of 24. On October 1, 1863 he died of consumption in New York City.

Horace S. Hanford was born in Delaware County, N.Y. and worked as a farmer. He enlisted in the Regiment as part of Company I on August 30, 1862 at the age of 25. He died in Beaufort, S.C. on August 23, 1864.

Crandal B. Hanford was born in Harpersfield, N.Y. and worked as a farmer. On September 1, 1864 at the age of 20, he enlisted in the Regiment as part of Company H. He mustered out of service on June 25, 1865.

George Hanford was born in Harpersfield, N.Y. and worked as a farmer. He enlisted in the Regiment on September 1, 1864 at the age of 22 as part of Company H. He mustered out of service on June 25, 1865.

Raymond S. Champlin was born in Blenheim, N.Y. and worked as a farmer. On August 27, 1862 at the age of 34, he enlisted in the Regiment as part of Company C. He mustered out of service on June 25, 1865.

Works Consulted

The following source was used for compiling the historical note and part of the biographical note for this finding aid: Descriptive Book of the 144th Regiment, U.S.

Scope and Content Note

The collection consists of 38 letters written between 1862-1865 to both Mr. and Mrs. Levi Hanford of Hobart, Delaware County, N.Y.; a couple of them are written to their son Charles. Most of the letters are written by 4 of their nephews and a family friend all serving in the Civil War; others are written by Nancie Hanford, Chauncey Hanford's wife Two of the letters have incomplete dates and two are unsigned.

The letters discuss various aspects of camp life such as living conditions, weather, illness among the recruits, religious services, drills and going out on picket. They also write about family concerns as well as their feelings concerning the war and the politics and issues surrounding it. .

In addition to the letters, the collection contains two copies of The New South, a newspaper published out of Port Royal, South Carolina (dated April 9 and July 23, 1864) and a copy of The Palmetto Herald, another newspaper published out of Port Royal, South Carolina (dated April 7, 1864).

Organization and Arrangement

The letters are in chronological order.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

 Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library

70 Campus Avenue
Lewiston, Maine, 04240
207-786-6354
muskie@bates.edu

Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.

Use Restrictions

The collection is the physical property of Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library. Bates College holds literary rights only for material created by College personnel working on official behalf of the College, or for material which was given to the College with such rights specifically assigned. For all other material, literary rights, including copyright, belong to the authors or their legal heirs and assigns. Researchers are responsible for obtaining permission from rights holders for publication or other purposes that exceed fair use.

Acquisition and Custody Information

On long-term loan from Peter Townsend (Class of 2000). Mrs. Levi Hanford was the donor's paternal great-grandmother and the letters were passed down through the family. Accession No.: N/A.

Processing Information

Processed by Elaine Ardia, Archives Assistant, Nov. 2003.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • United States. Army. New York Infantry Regiment, 144th (1862-1865)

Geographic Name(s)

  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865

Personal Name(s)

  • Hanford family--Archives
  • Hanford, Chauncey D.--Correspondence
  • Hanford, Crandal B.--Correspondence
  • Hanford, Horace S.--Correspondence
  • Hanford, James Oscar--Correspondence

Subject(s)

  • Military and War __ __ __ __ __MACON
  • Soldiers--New York (State)--Correspondence

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Collection Inventory

Box

R. S. Champlin to L.O. Hanford. Written from Camp Chase. October 16, 1862 

Unsigned to Mrs. E.A. Hanford Written from Camp Bliss, Uptons Hill. November 16, 1862 

J.O. Hanford to Aunt [Elizabeth Hanford]. Written from Camp Bliss, Va. November 17, 1862 

R.S. Champlin to L.O. Hanford. Written from Camp Bliss, Va. November 17, 1862   

H.S. Hanford to unknown. November 17, 1862   

J.O. Hanford to Aunt [Elizabeth Hanford]. Written from Camp Bliss. December 5, 1862   

J.O. Hanford to Aunt [Elizabeth Hanford]. Written from Camp Bliss. December 19, 1862   

Oscar [James O. Hanford] to Counsin Charles [Hanford]. Written from Upton Hill Camp. 1863   

Oscar [J.O. Hanford] to Aunt [Elizabeth Hanford]. Written from Camp Bliss. January 3, 1863   

R.S.C. [Raymond S. Champlin] to Levi O. Hanford. Written from Camp Bliss, Va. January 3, 1863   

R.S. Champlin to L.O. Hanford. Written from Camp Bliss, Va. January 7, 1863   

Unsigned to Aunt [Elizabeth Hanford]. Written from Camp Bliss, Uptons Hill. January 19, 1863   

Oscar [James O. Hanford] to Aunt [Elizabeth Hanford]. Written from Camp Bliss. January 24, 1863   

Rame and J.O. Handford to Levi [Hanford]. Written from Camp Bliss, Va. February 9, 1863   

Chauncey [Hanford] to Aunt [Elizabeth Hanford]. Written from Camp Bliss, Va. February 10, 1863   

H.S. Hanford to Aunt [Elizabeth Hanford]. Written from Camp California. February 17, 1863   

H.S. Hanford to Uncle Levi [Hanford]. Written from Camp California. February 19, 1863   

James O. Hanford to Aunt [Elizabeth Hanford]. Written from Camp near Clouds Mills, Va. March 24, 1863   

Chauncey [Hanford] to Aunt [Elizabeth Hanford]. Written from Camp near Vienna Station, Va. April 5, 1863   

James O. Hanford to Cousin Charley [Hanford]. Written from West Point. May 9, 1863   

James O. Hanford to Aunt [Elizabeth Hanford]. Written from Westpoint, Va. May 23, 1863   

J.O. Hanford to Aunt [Elizabeth Hanford]. Written from Morris Island. August 23, 1863   

H.S. Hanford to Aunt [Elizabeth Hanford]. Written from Folly Island, S.C. November 7, 1863   

R.S. Champlin to Mrs. L.O. Hanford. Written from Folly Island. November 23, 1863   

J.O. Hanford to Aunt [Elizabeth Hanford}. Written from Convalescent Camp: St. Augustine, Florida December 11, 1863   

R.S. Champlin to Levi [Hanford]. Written from Jacksonville, Fla. March 20, 1864   

J.O. Hanford to Aunt [Elizabeth Hanford]. Written from U.S. Convalescent Hospital, St. Augustine, Florida March 24, 1864   

Nancie Hanford to Aunt and Uncle [Elizabeth and Levi Hanford]. Written from Durant, [Iowa]. March 25, 1864   

H.S. Hanford to Uncle Levi [Hanford]. Written from Beaufort, S.C. March 31, 1864   

Oscar [J.O. Hanford] to Aunt [Elizabeth Hanford]. Written from Jacksonville, Fla. June 5, 1864   

Nancie Hanford to Aunt [Elizabeth Hanford]. Written from Durant, [Iowa]. June 24, 1864   

James O. Hanford to Aunt [Elizabeth Hanford]. Written from Hilton Head, S.C. November 4, 1864   

Nancie Hanford to Aunt [Elizabeth Hanford]. Written from Durant, [Iowa]. November 12, 1864   

C.B. Hanford to Aunt [Elizabeth Hanford]. Written from Hilton Head, S.C. November 17, 1864   

James O. Hanford to Aunt [Elizabeth Hanford]. Written from Port Royal, S.C. April 17, 1865   

J.O. Hanford to Aunt [Elizabeth Hanford]. Written from Port Royal, S.C. May 15, 1865   

H.S. Hanford to unknown. January 21, n.y.