Guide to the Marsden Hartley memorial collection, 1904-1947, n.d. | MC011

Summary Information

Repository
Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library
Creator
Hartley, Marsden, 1877-1943
Title
Marsden Hartley memorial collection
ID
MC011
Date
1904-1947, undated
Extent
1.0 linear foot
Language
English
Abstract
The collection includes originals and copies of Hartley's correspondence, poems, and essays compiled from a variety of sources. Correspondents include Gertrude Stein, Gertrude Tiemer, and Norma Berger, the artist's favorite niece. There are also published and unpublished poems in manuscript and typescript form, including Hartley's essay on Carl Sprinchorn, a close friend and fellow Maine artist.

Preferred Citation

Marsden Hartley memorial collection, Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library, Bates College.

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Historical Note

Marsden Hartley was an American modernist painter and writer. Hartley, whose given name was Edmund, was born in Lewiston, Maine on January 4, 1877 to James and Eliza Jane Hartley. Hartley's mother died in 1885, and in 1889 he married Martha Marsden and moved to Cleveland, Ohio. In 1893, Hartley followed his father to Cleveland. He attended the Cleveland School of Art (now Cleveland Institute of Art) from 1898-1899. In 1899, he was awarded a five year stipend to study in New York. He enrolled first in the He the Chase School in New York (1899), but soon switched to the National Academy of Design where he remained from 1900 to 1904. In 1906, he adopted his stepmother's name becoming Edmund Marsden Hartley. Between 1904 to 1910, Hartley moved frequently between Maine, Boston, and New York, where he became associated with Alfred Stieglitz. Stieglitz ran 291, then the only gallery in the United States exhibiting modern art. Stieglitz gave Hartley a solo exhibition in 1909 and another in 1912. Shortly thereafter, Hartley moved to Paris, where he became friends with Gertrude Stein, and in 1913 he traveled to Germany where he met Vassily Kandinsky, Franz Marc, and other avant-garde artists. The outbreak of World War I forced Harltey to return to the United States. In 1914 and 1916, he exhibited again in solo shows at Gallery 291. Following the War, Hartley returned to Europe, and he spent the majority of his time in various European cities from 1921 to 1930. He continued to move frequently over the next several years, living in Bermuda; Maine; New York; Mexico; Massachusetts; Bavaria; and Nova Scotia. In 1937 to returned permanently to Maine, excepting brief trips to New York. Hartley died in Ellsworth, Maine on September 2, 1943.

Scope and Content Note

The collection contains some of Hartley's correspondence, poems, and essays in manuscript and typescript form. The collection was compiled from a variety of sources, including Hartley's estate, his niece, Norma Berger, and Darwin J. Adams.

Correspondents include Gertrude Stein, Gertrude Tiemer, and Norma Berger. There are also published and unpublished poems in manuscript and typescript form, including Hartley's essay on Carl Sprinchorn, a close friend and fellow Maine artist.

Organization and Arrangement

Organized into two series: I. Correspondence, and II. Writings.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

 Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library

70 Campus Avenue
Lewiston, Maine, 04240
207-786-6354
muskie@bates.edu

Access Restrictions

Original manuscripts are restricted and can only be consulted with permission of Archives staff.

Use Restrictions

The collection is the physical property of Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library. Bates College holds literary rights only for material created by College personnel working on official behalf of the College, or for material which was given to the College with such rights specifically assigned. For all other material, literary rights, including copyright, belong to the authors or their legal heirs and assigns. Researchers are responsible for obtaining permission from rights holders for publication or other purposes that exceed fair use.

Acquisition and Custody Information

The collection was acquired in four installments: 1. the Book Collection of 165 books along with the remaining effects from Hartley's home in Corea, Maine were given to Bates in March 1951 by Hartley's heirs; 2. manuscripts (9 poems and 9 notebook leaves) were given by Norma G. Berger, Hartley's niece, in July 1955 (these items were initially given to Treat Gallery and transferred to the Library in February 1971 by Synnove Haughom); 3. Copies of Norma Berger's correspondence with Hartley, along with other unspecified manuscripts and books, was given by Berger to the Treat Gallery in 1976; and 4. Letters (8 letters) were given by Darwin J. Adams in 1985. Accession No.: xx-034.

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Related Materials

Related Material

Marsden Hartley Papers, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University

Separated Materials

Marsden Hartley Book Collection, Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library, Bates College.

Marsden Hartley Memorial Collection. Bates College Museum of Art, http://abacus.bates.edu/acad/museum/hartley/home.html

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Controlled Access Headings

Personal Name(s)

  • Berger, Norma G
  • Hartley, Marsden, 1877-1943--Archives
  • Hartley, Marsden, 1877-1943--Correspondence
  • Hartley, Marsden, 1877-1943. Poems
  • Sprinchorn, Carl, 1887-1971
  • Stein, Gertrude, 1874-1946
  • Tiemer, Gertrude

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Collection Inventory

 MC011/01 Correspondence 1904-1947, n.d.   0.25 Linear feet

Scope and Content Note

This series contains photocopies and typescript copies of some of Hartley's correspondence. Correspondents include Gertrude Stein, Gertrude Tiemer, and Hartley's favorite niece, Norma Berger.

Hartley's letters with Berger are extensive and cover the period from 1904 to 1947. In his letters, Hartley discusses his health, art, travel, and other personal and professional matters.

Organization and Arrangement

Alphabetical by author and then recipient.

Box

Hartley, Marsden, to Norma Berger. Typescript copies. 1904, 1910   

1

Hartley, Marsden, to Norma Berger. Typescript copies. 1911   

1

Hartley, Marsden, to Norma Berger. Typescript copies. 1912-1928   

1

Hartley, Marsden, to Norma Berger. Typescript copies. ca. 1932-1942, n.d.   

1

Hartley, Marsden, to Miss MacKinnon. Holographs. Undated   

General note

Publication rights retained by Darwin Adams.

1

Hartley, Marsden, to Gertrude Stein. Typescript copies. 1912-1933   

1

Hartley, Marsden, to Gertrude Tiemer. Holographs. 1938, n.d.   

General note

Publication rights retained by Darwin Adams.

1

Walker, Hudson D., to Gertrude Tiemer. Holographs. Dec. 2, 1947   

General note

Publication rights retained by Darwin Adams.

1

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 MC011/02 Writings 1904, 1921-1944, n.d.   0.5 Linear feet

Scope and Content Note

This series contains photocopies and typescript copies of some of Hartley's poems and essays. Also included are a few articles about Hartley written by others.

Organization and Arrangement

Alphabetical by author and then title.

Box

Gallup, Donald. "The Weaving of a Pattern: An Account of Marsden Hartley's Friendship with Gertrude Stein Based on his Letters. Typescript. 15 p. Undated   

2

Hartley, Marsden. "Be That as It May." Typescript. 12 p. 1941   

2

Hartley, Marsden. "Between Point and Point." Typescript. 9 p. Nov. 1936   

2

Hartley, Marsden. "City Vignettes" Typescript. 12 p. Undated   

2

Hartley, Marsden. "Cleophas and His Own: A North Atlantic Tragedy." Typescript. 43 p. ca. 1936?   

2

Hartley, Marsden. "Contrapuntal. A New Book of Poems." Typescript. 6 p. Undated   

2

Hartley, Marsden. "The Crucifixion of Noel." Clipping from The Dial. April 1921   

2

Hartley, Marsden. "Dusty Cousin." Typescript. 25 p. Undated   

2

Hartley, Marsden. "The End." Manuscript. 1 p. Undated   

2

Hartley, Marsden. Extra coversheets for poems and two poems ("O Yes, I Know - Yes" and "Perusing Mallarme in Maine"). Manuscript. Undated   

2

Hartley, Marsden. "Fifty Ninth Street Fables" (table of contents only). Typescript. 1 p. Undated   

2

Hartley, Marsden. "Five New Pieces from Laughter of Steel." Typescript, corrected. 5 p. Undated   

2

Hartley, Marsden. "Gay World" (table of contents only). Typescript. 2 p. Undated   

2

Hartley, Marsden. "Ironies out of St. George's." Typescript. 31 p. Undated   

2

Hartley, Marsden. "Laughter of Steel." Typescript. 27 p. Undated   

2

Hartley, Marsden. "Letters to the Dead." Typescript. 13 p. Undated   

2

Hartley, Marsden. "Light of Night." Manuscript. 1 p. Undated   

2

Hartley, Marsden. Lists of his poems. Typescript. 2 p. Undated   

2

Hartley, Marsden. "Nature." Manuscript. 2 p. Undated   

2

Hartley, Marsden. "The New Paintings of Carl Sprinchorn of the Maine Woods." Manuscript. 12 p. Undated   

2

Hartley, Marsden. "The New Paintings of Carl Sprinchorn of the Maine Woods." Typescript, corrected. Version 1. 7 p. Undated   

2

Hartley, Marsden. "The New Paintings of Carl Sprinchorn of the Maine Woods." Typescript, corrected. Version 2. 7 p. Undated   

2

Hartley, Marsden. "New Poems." Typescript. 24 p. Undated   

2

Hartley, Marsden. "New Rains Wash Down." Typescript. 24 p. Undated   

2

Hartley, Marsden. "Notebook No. 2." Typescript. 8 p. Undated   

2

Hartley, Marsden. Notes. Manuscript. 9 p. Undated   

2

Hartley, Marsden. "Oblique Frontier" (table of contents only). Typescript. 2 p. Undated   

2

Hartley, Marsden. "October Afternoon" (table of contents only). Typescript. 1 p. Undated   

2

Hartley, Marsden. "Poems." Typescript. 19 p. Undated   

2

Hartley, Marsden. "Poems (1938)." Typescript. 10 p. 1938   

2

Hartley, Marsden. Poems from small notebook (9x6). Typescript. 6 p. Undated   

2

Hartley, Marsden. Poems in new book. Typescript. 45 p. Undated   

2

Hartley, Marsden. "Rites of Passage." Typescript. 29 p. Undated   

2

Hartley, Marsden. "The Royal Love Child." Manuscript. 4 p. June 1904   

2

Hartley, Marsden. "Sea Burial and Other Poems." Typescript. 10 p. Undated   

2

Hartley, Marsden. "Selected Poems from unpublished manuscripts" (table of contents only). Typescript. 1 p. Undated   

2

Hartley, Marsden. "Song of Eilleen after the Irish or 'To Weep Irish.'" Manuscript. 6 p. Undated   

2

Hartley, Marsden. "Summer Evening." Manuscript. 1 p. Undated   

2

Hartley, Marsden. "Tangent Decisions." Typescript, corrected. 49 p. 1935   

2

Hartley, Marsden. "To a Friend, A Musician." Manuscript. 1 p. Undated   

2

Hartley, Marsden. "To a Syrian Lute." Manuscript. 3 p. Undated   

2

Hartley, Marsden. Typed and original sheets submitted October 17, 1944. Typescript. 22 p. 1944   

2

Wells, Henry W. "The Poems of Marsden Hartley." Typescript. Undated   

2

Wells, Henry W. "The Poems of Marsden Hartley." Reprint. 1944   

2

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Restricted material 

Scope and Contents note

This series contains original manuscripts of Hartley's correspondence and writings.

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