Guide to the Alfred Williams Anthony papers, 1872-1996, n.d. | MC007

Summary Information

Repository
Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library
Creator
Anthony, Alfred Williams, 1860-1939
Title
Alfred Williams Anthony papers
ID
MC007
Date [bulk]
Bulk, 1890-1938
Date [inclusive]
1872-1996
Extent
6.0 Linear feet
Language
English
Abstract
The collection is composed of correspondence, published and unpublished writings, scrapbooks and other material documenting the career of Alfred Williams Anthony, distinguished scholar, teacher and administrator. Included is material related to Anthony's book, Bates College and Its Background, and the Interdenominational Commission of Maine. Also included is material related to his tenure on the Board of Trustees of Bates College and his interest in and writings on a variety of subjects including Christianity, finances and charitable giving, nature, and people and events associated with Lewiston, Maine, Bates College and Rhode Island.

Preferred Citation

Alfred Williams Anthony papers, Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library, Bates College.

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Historical Note

Alfred Williams Anthony was born in Providence, Rhode Island on January 13, 1860. His parents were Lewis Williams and Britannia Franklin (Waterman) Anthony. He received an A.B. degree from Brown University in 1883. In 1885, he graduated from the Cobb Divinity School, then affiliated with Bates College and received an A.M. degree from Brown in 1886.

He married Harriet Wyatt Angell in September 1885, and they had two children, Elizabeth Williams and Alfred Williams, Jr. Elizabeth graduated from Bates in 1908. After the death of his wife in 1899, Anthony married Gertrude Brown Libbey in 1903. Daughter of Winfield Scott Libbey and Annie Shaw Libbey, she was a 1901 graduate of Bates College. They had three children, Richard Lewis, Warren Shaw and Charles Sheldon,'36.

After graduating from Cobb Divinity School in 1885, Anthony took the position of pastor of the Essex Street Free Baptist Church in Bangor, Maine. In 1887, he was elected Chair of New Testament Exegesis and Criticism at the Cobb Divinity School, a position he did not initially accept. Instead, from 1888-1890, he studied abroad at Berlin University, returning in 1890, to take the position at the Cobb Divinity School, distinguishing himself as a scholar, teacher, and administrator.

In 1893, he published two articles: "The Fourth Gospel" and "The Gospel of Peter," both of which were well received. In 1893 and 1894, he gave a lecture in the campus chapel entitled "The Newly Discovered Epistle of St. Peter," and he often delivered sermons at the Freewill Baptist Churches in the area. When the Divinity School was discontinued as a department of the College, he was elected the Fullonton Professor of Christian Literature and Ethics at Bates College and served in that capacity for three years (1908-1911).

In 1911, Dr. A nthony officially resigned his position at Bates, after 23 years of service to the College. That same year he accepted a temporary appointment as Joint Secretary for Free Baptist and Baptist union, a position which allowed him to facilitate union at the different levels of both organizations. In 1918, with most of the work on unification finished, he accepted the position of Executive Secretary for the interdenominational Home Missions Council and moved to New York with his family. He remained in that position for five years, resigning in 1923. Although semi-retired he served on several committees of the Federal Council of Churches of Christ in America. In 1933, after a slight stroke, he gave up his New York residence and returned to Lewiston.

An author througout his life, Anthony wrote numerous articles and several books including An Introduction to the Life of Jesus (1896) and The Method of Jesus (1899). His last book, Bates College and Its Background, published in 1936 and written at the request of President Clifton D. Gray, detailed the beginnings and development of the College.

Anthony was active in a variety of educational and religious organizations. He served as the corresponding secretary and treasurer of the General Conference of Freewill Baptists and was a member of the Interdenominational Commission of Maine. He also served as the director for the Maine chapter of the Religious Education Association, Chairman of the Committee on Goodwill between Jews and Christians and was a member of the Federal Council of Churches of Christ in America. Additionally he was President of the Board of Trustees of Storer College, located in Harpers Ferry, West Virginia and served on the the boards of trustees for Bates College, Hillsdale College and Brown University.

An active civic leader Anthony served on a variety of commissions and boards including the Maine Charities Commission and the Lewiston School Committee. He was appointed by Governor Milliken as a member of the Police Commission for Lewiston.

Dr. Anthony was a noted philanthropist and many institutions and organizations benefitted from his generosity. Of particular note is his donation of land which became the nucleus of the Stanton Bird Club's Thorncrag Bird Sanctuary in Lewiston.

He was awarded an honorary D. D. from Bates in 1902 and from Brown in 1908 and an L.L.D. from Colby College in 1914. After suffering a stroke in 1938, he died at the home of his eldest son on January 20, 1939.

Scope and Content Note

The collection contains a variety of material documenting the career of Alfred Williams Anthony, distinguished scholar, teacher and administrator. Included is correspondence, research, drafts and other material related to Anthony's book, Bates College and Its Background; correspondence with Bates faculty and others concerning personal and College-related matters; and correspondence, reports and other material related to the Interdenominational Commission of Maine. Also included in the collection are published and unpublished writings by Anthony; an assortment of financial records of the Free Baptist General Conference and Cobb Divinity School and a biographical sketch of Dr. Anthony done by his daughter. The collection also includes a number of scrapbooks containing newsclippings, articles and pamphlets written by Anthony and others pertaining to Baptist history and Christian-related topics; nature and the natural world; and events and historical material related to Lewiston and Bates College and also of the history of Rhode Island.

Organization and Arrangement

Organized into six series: I. Bates College and Its Background; II. Correspondence; III. Interdenominational Commission of Maine; IV. Writings; V. Personal and professional material; and VI. Scrapbooks.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

 Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library

70 Campus Avenue
Lewiston, Maine, 04240
207-786-6354
muskie@bates.edu

Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.

Use Restrictions

The collection is the physical property of Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library. Bates College holds literary rights only for material created by College personnel working on official behalf of the College, or for material which was given to the College with such rights specifically assigned. For all other material, literary rights, including copyright, belong to the authors or their legal heirs and assigns. Researchers are responsible for obtaining permission from rights holders for publication or other purposes that exceed fair use.

Acquisition and Custody Information

No provenance information available. Accession No.: xx-014.

Processing Information

Processed by Sean Monahan, 1997.

Final arrangement and description by Kurt Kuss, Special Collections Librarian, 1998.

New accruals integrated and entire collection reprocessed by Elaine Ardia, 2009

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Related Materials

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Bates College (Lewiston, Me.)--Faculty
  • Bates College (Lewiston, Me.)--History
  • Free Will Baptists (1780?-1911)
  • Interdenominational Commission of Maine
  • Lebanon Academy (West Lebanon, Me.)
  • Maine Central Institute (Pittsfield, Me.)

Personal Name(s)

  • Anthony, Alfred Williams, 1860-1939--Bates College and its background

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Collection Inventory

 MC007/01 Bates College and Its Background 1902-1936, n.d. Bulk dates: 1933-1936   0.5 Linear feet

Scope and Content Note

The series contains a variety of handwritten and typewritten materials pertaining to Anthony's book Bates College and Its Background. The first written history of the college, the book was researched and written by Anthony at the request of then president of the college, Clifton D. Gray. Included is correspondence between Anthony and several men and women who's families were related to the College's past such as Charles A. Garcelon, son of Dr. Alonzo Garcelon and Lilian G. Bates and S. Frances Herschel, daughters of Benjamin Bates. Also contains correspondence between Anthony and several students from the early days of the college, including Francena Stanton White Morrell, George Ricker, and Sybil Chase Ballard, and correspondence pertaining to Lebanon Academy and the Maine Central Institute and their relationship to Bates College.

The series also contains an unrevised first draft, revisions, omitted chapters and appendices, galley proof, several photographs, newspaper clippings and a large body of research notes and material.

Organization and Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by folder title.

Box

Appeal for information February 24, 1934   

1

Correspondence -- A-T 1933-1934, n.d. 

1

Correspondence -- Ballard, Sybil Chase February 12, 1934 

1

Correspondence -- Bates, Lilian G. (daughter of Benjamin E. Bates) January 12- March 9, 1934   

1

Correspondence -- Boothby, Oren Cheney (grandson of Oren B. Cheney) January 5- March 17, 1934   

1

Correspondence -- Brackett, Louise Wood (mother of Mary Brackett Robertson) January 28, 1935   

1

Correspondence -- Burlingame, Christine January 12-20, 1934   

1

Correspondence -- Chamberlain, George April 5- November 25, 1934   

1

Correspondence -- Chase, Caroline Fenno October 8, 1934- January 30, 1935   

1

Correspondence -- Garcelon, Charles A. (see also: Correspondence -- Garcelon, William F.) January 20, 1934- January 1, 1935   

1

Correspondence -- Garcelon, William F. January 8- September 18, 1934   

1

Correspondence -- Herschel, S. Frances (daughter of Benjamin E. Bates) Undated   

1

Correspondence -- Irish, Anna Frye (daughter of William R. Frye) February 18-28, 1934, n.d.   

1

Correspondence -- Mansor, John W. April 17- June 2, 1934   

1

Correspondence -- McDonald, Elizabeth Mosher (daughter of George F. Mosher and Frances Stewart Mosher; granddaughter of I.D. Stewart) April 10, 1934   

1

Correspondence -- Morrell, Francena Stanton White January 12- May 3, 1934   

1

Correspondence -- Ricker, George S. January 12- June 4, 1934   

1

Correspondence -- Robertson, Mary Brackett (daughter of Nathan Brackett and Louise Wood Brackett) February 14- March 20, 1934   

1

Correspondence -- Rowe, Harry W. May 18- July 9, 1934   

1

Correspondence -- Smith, Clarence Cheney (nephew of Oren B. Cheney) February 7, 1934   

1

Correspondence -- Staples, Arthur G. (editor of Lewiston Journal) January 31, 1934   

1

Correspondence -- Tucker, Martha Hobson (great granddaughter of John Buzzell) October 22, 1934   

1

Correspondence -- Webb, Philip R. March 14-22, 1934   

1

Correspondence -- Wood, William R. January 19- April 11, 1934   

1

Correspondence re: publication of book 1934-1936   

1

First draft (pages 1-100) 1934   

1

First draft (pages 101-202) 1934   

1

Galley proof (OVERSIZE) Undated   

9

Gift copy list and thank you letters May 1936   

1

Omitted chapters and appendices Undated   

1

Photographs 1934, n.d.   

1

Research--newsclippings (OVERSIZE) 1902, 1919, 1934   

9

Research notes Undated   

1

Research--publications 1925, 1934-1936   

1

Revisions 1935   

1

Revisions 1936   

1

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 MC007/02 Correspondence 1885-1938, n.d. Bulk dates: 1910-1938   0.5 Linear feet

Scope and Content Note

This series contains correspondence between Anthony and several members of the Bates College faculty and staff as well as other friends and persons with whom he was acquainted. Many of the letters are personal in nature while others concern various matters related to the College and his membership on the Board of Trustees, including the selection of honorary degree candidates, the relationship of Bates College to the Baptists and the selection of a new College president.

Organization and Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by correspondent or subject.

Box

A-F 1929-1937   

2

Allenby, Hubert A. 1932-1935   

2

Bates, Anne Dudley 1910   

2

Bates College and Baptist affiliation 1920, 1924   

2

Bates, Lilian G. 1936   

2

Britan, Halbert H. 1931-1933   

2

Brown, Cecil P. 1927-1934   

2

Carroll, J. Murray 1929-1930   

2

Chase, George Colby (see also: Correspondence re selection of new president) 1911-1916, 1919   

2

Chase, George M. 1928-1937, n.d.   

2

Childs, Mildred 1933, n.d.   

2

Clark, Hazel 1935-1937, n.d.   

2

G-L 1928-1937, n.d.   

2

Genealogy of Benjamin Thorne 1937   

2

Gilbert, Blanche Townsend 1928-1937, n.d.   

2

Gould, Raymond R.N. 1929-1938   

2

Gray, Clifton D. (see also: Correspondence re Bates College and Baptist affiliation) 1920-1938, n.d.   

2

Harms, Samuel F. 1930-1935   

2

Howe, James A. 1913   

2

Knapp, Fred A. and Carrie 1929-1938, n.d.   

2

Lane, George (see also: Correspondence, Gray, Clifton D.) 1919-1921, 1928   

2

Lewis, Frederick H. 1936-1937   

2

Leonard, Arthur 1928-1938, n.d.   

2

M-Z 1917-1938, n.d.   

2

Pomeroy, Fred E. 1930-1933   

2

Purinton, Herbert R. (see also: Correspondence re Roger Williams Hall) 1925-1934, n.d.   

2

Ramsdell, George 1928-1933   

2

Resignation from Bates faculty 1911   

2

Rich, Thomas 1885   

2

Roberts, Blanche 1929-1932, 1937   

2

Robinson, Grosvenor 1929-1930, 1938   

2

Roger Williams Hall 1912-1913   

2

Ross, Norman 1931, 1937   

2

Rowe, Harry W. 1920-1938   

2

Salley, Ashmun T. and Ellen 1930, 1937   

2

Selection of College president 1919   

2

Tubbs, Frank D. 1929   

2

Unidentified 1931   

2

Whitehorne, William R. 1930-1933, 1937   

2

Wright, Edwin M. 1935   

2

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 MC007/03 Interdenominational Commission of Maine 1894-1937, n.d.   0.25 Linear feet

Scope and Content Note

The series contains correspondence, several reports, pamphlets and other material documenting the activities of this organization. See the Scrapbook series for additional related material.

Organization and Arrangement

Arranges alphabetically by folder title.

Box

Annual Report 1917   

3

Articles and newsclippings 1900-1915, n.d.   

3

Correspondence 1910-1919, 1935-1937, n.d.   

3

Federation work in Maine--lists of communities and denominations 1907-1911   

3

Notes 1916, n.d.   

3

Pamphlets 1894, 1897, 1910   

3

Report of the Executive Committee re West Bristol 1895   

3

Report of the Executive Committee re meeting in Stetson 1902   

3

Report of the Secretary 1915, 1917   

3

Report of the special committee in the matter of church polity at Weld 1916   

3

Resident members of two churches in Dixfield--Universalist and Free Baptist Undated   

3

Statement to the Commission by its secretary, Alfred W. Anthony 1916   

3

Stenographic report of meeting of committee appointed by Commission November 9, 1916   

3

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 MC007/04 Writings 1884-1936, n.d.   0.25 Linear feet

Scope and Content Note

The series contains a variety of published and unpublished material including addresses, articles and notes pertaining to Baptist history and Christian-related topics; finances and charitable giving and college admininistion; also includes lecture notes from a Bates College course on Christian literature. See the Scrapbook series for additional related material.

Organization and Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by folder title.

Box

An address to the Free Baptist Church in Greene 1904   

4

Article on Nelson Dingley Jr. circa 1934   

4

Bits of Early History of Baptists in Maine, Now Becoming of Modern Interest by Reason of Recent Events Undated   

4

Compensation Effects of the Depression Undated   

4

The Ethics of Paul 1909   

4

Financing colleges 1933   

4

The Home Mission Task [an address to the Home Missions Council] 1918   

4

The Jewish Problem: an essay in understanding and goodwill 1924   

4

Lecture notes from course on Christian literature, Bates College 1910   

4

Memorial address to President William DeWitt Hyde 1917   

4

Mixed Motives in Financing Undated   

4

Newsclippings (OVERSIZE) 1915, 1934-1935   

9

Notes re ethics in administration Undated   

4

Notes re Frank W. Sandford 1936   

4

The Relation between the Superintendent and the School Committee 1917   

4

Report of Financial Secretary [Council of Church Boards of Education] Undated   

4

Reprints re finances and charitable giving 1926-1928   

4

Semi-Centennial Address: Roger Williams Free Baptist Sunday School 1884   

4

Twenty Years After: the Story of the Union of Baptists and Free Baptists 1924   

4

Who Holds the Levers? [college/university administration] Undated   

4

Wise Public Giving Series 1927-1933, n.d.   

4

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 MC007/05 Personal and professional material 1890-1996, n.d. Bulk dates: 1906-1936   0.25 Linear feet

Scope and Content Note

The series contains an assortment of material including an account book; a biographical sketch done by his daughter Elizabeth; assorted financial records of the Free Baptist General Conference and Cobb Divinity School; and family material including the obituary of his son Charles and the genealogy of the John Williams Anthony family.

Organization and Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by folder title.

Box

Account book for publications 1899-1906   

4

Articles re Alfred W. Anthony 1918, 1939, n.d.   

4

Bates related material 1894-1936, n.d.   

4

Bible Society of Maine 1913, 1916   

4

Biographical sketch by his daughter, Elisabeth Anthony Dexter 1954   

4

Family material including genealogy 1955, 1996, n.d.   

4

Financial records of Free Baptist General Conference and Cobb Divinity School 1890-1910, n.d.   

4

Letter from Thomas Angell to Dr. Francis L. Hayes [given to Alfred W. Anthony by Mrs. Francis L. Hayes, April 19, 1937] May 19, 1921   

4

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 MC007/06 Scrapbooks 1872-1938   4.0 Linear feet

Scope and Content Note

The series contains nine scrapbooks compiled by Anthony. Included are articles, newsclippings, and pamphlets written by him and others on Baptist history and other topics related to Christianity; historical material on Bates College and Lewiston; articles on nature and on the Stanton Bird Club and on Rhode Island history. Also includes some photographs.

Organization and Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by title.

Box

Family and Personal 1932-1936   

Scope and Content Note

Contains newsclippings of various events/people associated with Bates College and Lewiston, including the Stanton Bird Club; also contains several photographs, including Anthony's trip to Germany, his former home at 40 Mountain Ave. and one which includes his daughter Elizabeth and son Alfred W. Anthony Jr.

5

For the Preservation of Material Relating to Roger Williams and Approaches to His Times 1935-1936   

Scope and Content Note

Contains newsclippings, reprints and programs on the history of Roger Williams and the tercentenary celebration of Rhode Island.

5

The Jewish Problem 1923-1937   

Scope and Content Note

Contains articles, newsclippings and reprints pertaining to the relationship between Jews and Christians; many of the articles were written by Anthony including "The Jewish Problem: an Essay in Understanding and Goodwill."

6

  Nature Notes 1934-1938   

Scope and Content Note

Contains newsclippings on various subjects and species found in the natural world.

6

  Personal and Miscellaneous 1889-1934   

Scope and Content Note

Contains newsclippings, reprints, and pamphlets, with several written by Anthony, pertaining to religious and educational activities; also includes reviews of several of his publications and two photographs.

7

  Rhode Island's Worthies and Worth-While Items 1936   

Scope and Content Note

Contains newsclippings pertaining to people and events in Rhode Island's history.

7

  Untitled 1872-1934   

Scope and Content Note

Contains newsclippings and reprints pertaining to people and events associated with Bates College and Lewiston; also includes a copy of Anthony's prize-winning short story, "A Tale Never Told," published in The Black Cat magazine in 1903 and several photographs of Opportunity Farm in New Gloucester, Maine.

8

  Untitled 1907-1925   

Scope and Content Note

Contains articles, newsclippings and pamplets, with many written by Anthony, on the union of Baptists and Free Baptists as well as other topics related to Christian work.

8

  Untitled (OVERSIZE) 1900-1910   

Scope and Content Note

Contains loose pages from a scrapbook with articles and clippings pertaining to a trip Anthony made to Rome, Egypt and the Holy Land; also includes other articles on the Holy Land and various topics related to Christianity.

9

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