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'Print Version' of
the artist's biography

Click to Display Events:

1877-1900
1901-1910
1911-1920
1921-1930
1931-1943

1931: Winter: Ill and depressed. Cared for by Adelaide Kuntz and other friends.

Spring: Recieves a Guggenheim fellowship and decides to go to Mexico.

July: Returns to Gloucester to paint Dogtown Common; stays through November.

December: Returns to New York, visits family in Cleveland for Christmas.

1932: March: Takes a ship to Vera Cruz and then goes to Mexico City.

April 26: Exhibition "The Return of the Native" at the Downtown gallery in New York.

April 27: Hart Crane commits suicide on his way back to the U.S. from Mexico.

May: Hartley moves to Cuernavaca because of his health problems caused by the altitude in Mexico City. Has a studio with a view of Popocatepetl and paints several versions of the volcano. Has access to library of occcult literature. Executes Mexico mystical fantasy pictures.

November: Included in the first Whitney Biennial. Returns to Mexico City.

1933: February: Exhibition held at Galeria de la Escuela Central de Artes Plasticas, Mexico City, of his year's work.

March: Denied renewal for second year of Guggenheim fellowship.

April: Sails from Vera Cruz for Hamburg, where he stays for the summer.

September: Determined to paint Alps and goes to Garmisch-Partenkirchen in Bavaria. Walks great distances in the vicinity and does many drawings.

Winter: Executes paintings and lithographs from studies. Travels to Munich. Reads Shakespeare and Gertrude Stein's Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas and starts his own autobiography.

1934: February: Leaves Europe, never to return. Arrives in New York.

March 29: Employed by the WPA in the easel painting division; rebels against constraints and quits after one month.

July: Returns to Gloucester and does second series of Dogtown works.

Fall: Returns to New York.

1935: January 4: Destroys one hundred paintings and drawings in storage because he cannot afford to pay storage bill. Very ill and depressed.

February: Included in the "Abstract Painting in America" exhibition at the Whitney Museum.

Summer: Travels to Bermuda to recuperate. Executes flower and fish 'fancies.'

September: Sails for Lunenberg, Nova Scotia, also staying in Blue Rocks.

November: Boards with Francis Mason family on Eastern Points island.

December: Returns to New York.

1936: January 29: Applies for an assignment with the WPA and works until May 14.

March: Exhibition at An American Place received well.

April: Gives lecture entitled "And the Nude Has Descended the Staircase" at the Museum of Modern Art in connection with a Surrealist exhibition. Continues publishing essays in various periodicals.

July: Returns to Eastern Points to live with Masons; does third Dogtown series from memory.

September: Alty and Donny Mason drown in a hurricane with their cousin Allan. Hartley is included in the "New Horizons in American Art" exhibition, at the Museum of Modern Art.

December: Hartley returns to New York.

1937: April 20: Last exhibition with Stieglitz held at An American Place. Writes "On the Subject of Nativeness- A Tribute to Maine" for the catalogue. Hudson Walker takes nine paintings from the show for his own gallery.

June: Hartley visits his family in Auburn, Maine. Rents house in Georgetown near Gaston Lachaise's home; stays for five months and talks of becoming 'the' painter of Maine.

December: Moves to Portland, Maine for the winter.

1938: February: Goes to New York for first solo exhibition at the Hudson Walker Gallery.

Summer: Resides on Vinalhaven, an island off Rockland, Maine. Works on seascapes and 'archaic portraits' of Nova Scotia people and Ryder.

November: Spends a week visiting in Lewiston and Auburn.

Winter: Moves to Boston.

1939: February: Goes to New York.

March: In second solo exhibition at Walker Gallery, exhibits first 'archaic portraits.'

June: Returns to Maine, staying in Portland, Lewiston, Auburn, and then Bagaduce in West Brookville as guest of Claire Spencer and John Evans. Waldo Pierce takes him to Corea, Maine, where Hartley decides to live the next season.

September: Moves to Bangor for the Winter and teaches art classes.

October: Takes eight-day trip to Mt. Katahdin in Maine.

November: Works on Katahdin pictures in Bangor.

December: Exhibition at Symphony Hall is well recieved.

1940: January: Recieves $300 prize for End of Hurricane in the Pennsylvania Academy annual exhibit.

March: Visits New York for third solo exhibition at Walker Gallery, in which he shows first Katahdin paintings and figural works.

August: Boards with Forest and Katie Young, a lobster fisherman and his wife, in Corea. Hartley works on figure and religious paintings. Wins J. Henry Scheidt Memorial Prize at Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. Publishes Androscoggin, a collection of poems with Leon Tebbetts, a Maine publisher.

1941: January:
Moves to Bangor for several months.

March: Goes to New York and lives in Winslow Hotel.

July: Returns to Maine where he visits Portland and Old Orchard Beach, doing studies of figures on the beach, and then moves back to Corea. Concentrates on writing and revises his autobiography (Somehow A Past), Cleophas and His Own (about his Nova Scotia experience), and The Spangle of Existence (another collection of essays). Publishes second volume of poetry, Sea Burial, with Leon Tebbetts.

Winter: Travels to Cincinnati for joint exhibition with Stuart Davis at Cincinnati Art Museum, then to Cleveland for Christmas with family.

1942: Gives lecture at Cincinnati Art Museum, "Is Art Necessary?"

March: Exhibition held at MacBeth Gallery, New York.

Summer: Returns to Corea. Paul Rosenberg becomes his dealer.

November: First exhibition at Paul Rosenberg and Company, New York.

December: Lobster Fishermen at Corea wins Fourth Painting Purchase Prize ($2000) at Metropolitan Museum of Art's "Artists for Victory" exhibition.

1943: January: Returns to New York. Writes last series of poems, "Patterns for Prayers."

Summer: Returns to Corea. Is very ill most of the summer.

September 2: Dies of heart failure in hospital at Ellsworth, Maine.


 


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