Chapter 23

Formation of Participles


M/F

N

M/F

N

NS

laudäns

monëns

agëns

capiëns

audiëns

laudäns

monëns

agëns

capiëns

audiëns

NP

laudantës

monentës

agentës

capientës

audientës

laudantia

monentia

agentia

capientia

audientia

GS

laudantis

monentis

agentis

capientis

audientis

laudantis

monentis

agentis

capientis

audientis

GP

laudantium

monentium

agentium

capientium

audientium

laudantium

monentium

agentium

capientium

audientium

DS

laudantï

monentï

agentï

capientï

audientï

laudantï

monentï

agentï

capientï

audientï

DP

laudantibus

monentibus

agentibus

capientibus

audientibus

laudantibus

monentibus

agentibus

capientibus

audientibus

AccS

laudantem

monentem

agentem

capientem

audientem

laudäns

mone

age

capie

audie

AccP

laudantës

monentës

agentës

capientës

audientës

laudantia

monentia

agentia

capientia

audientia

AblS*

laudantï/ laudante

monentï

agentï

capientï

audientï

audantï/ laudante

monentï

agentï

capientï

audientï

AblP

laudantibus

monentibus

agentibus

capientibus

audientibus

laudantibus

monentibus

agentibus

capientibus

audientibus

  • *When the participle is used only as an ordinary adjective, the abl sing endings is "ï". (E.g., "the laughing girl"). When the participle performs verbal functions, or is used substantively, use the abl sing ending "e".

  • Remember, Latin does not have a present passive (being praised, warned, etc) participle. You can only use the present participle in an active sense.
  • Examples:
    • Örätor, laudäns puellam, ëducat mïlitem.
    • Dux sacerdötum laudantium arcem gaudëbat.
    • Mïles örätörï laudantï puellam equum dat.
    • Mïles ducem laudantem equum petïvït.
    • Dux cum örätöre laudante puellam vënit.


Chapter Index / Perfect Passive Participle