Latin 101

More on Relative Clauses

Sentences with relative clauses have subordinated sentence structure. This means that the sentence has two parts, the main clause, which can stand alone as a sentence, and a second clause that modifies some word in the main clause. The subordinated clause has a verb, but it cannot stand alone as a sentence (hence it is the "subordinate" clause). For example:

The main clause is:

The subordinate clause is:

The main clause can stand alone as a sentence. The subordinate clause cannot. Instead, it is connected to the main clause by a relative [called so because it "relates" the two clauses to each other].

If you're having trouble with relative clauses, try the following method to untangle the sentence. First, bracket off the subordinate clause. Second, translate the main clause. Third, translate the subordinate clause. Finally, put the two together. E.g.


Chapter 20 index / relative drill