So far we've been working with verbs in the active voice.
We've seen two types of verbs:
- transitive: the subject perfoms the action of the verb on the object
- the verb describes the state of the subject
- the verb links the subject to a predicate
- Casey is the best dog ever.
Chapter 18 introduces the passive voice
- In the passive voice, the action of the verb is performed upon the
subject. The person /thing that performs the action of the verb is called
- The bone is eaten by Casey.
- The subject ("the bone") is in the nominative
- The agent ("by Casey") is indicated by a prepositional phrase
(ab plus ablative)
- In English, we indicate the passive by a linking verb and a passive
participle (is eaten). Latin, on the other hand, forms the present passive
system, by adding passive endings to the present stem.
- Only transitive verbs can be formed/used in the passive.
- i.e., You would never say "is barked."
Chapter 18 index / Formation
of Present Indicative Passive