Chapter 17: More on Subordinated Clauses
- The relative pronoun must agree in gender and number with its antecedent.
- The relative pronoun takes its case according to the grammatical function
it serves in its own clause.
1) The girl is beautiful. You love the girl. => The girl whom
you love is beautiful.
- whom would be fem and sing because it modifies "girl."
- whom would be accusative because it is the object of the verb
2) The man is a scoundrel. You lost the election to him. => The man
to whom you lost the election is a scoundrel.
- to whom would be masc and sing because it modifies "the
- to whom would be dative because it is the indirect object of
3) The student is brilliant. I graded his/her paper. => The student
whose paper I graded is brilliant.
- whose would be masc or fem (depending on genderof student) and sing.
- whose would be genitive to show possession.
4) The friends are crazy. I went to the movies with the friends. =>
The friends with whom I went to the movies are crazy.
- whom would be masc or fem (depending on gender) and plural
- whom would be ablative (abl of accompaniement with cum)
Chapter 17 index / sub
clauses intro/ sub clause drill