Chapter 11: Personal Pronouns

Demonstratives (Is, Ea, Id)

 


The personal pronoun used with the third person (is, ea, id) is also used as a "weak" demonstrative in Latin and can be translated as "this" or "that." It is much less emphatic than hic or ille. In fact, you will notice that when is/ea/id is used as a demonstrative it often has no greater force than the article (a/the) in English.

Latin also uses is/ea/id in a compound to form a demonstrative translated "the same". The word (ïdem, eadem, idem). The paradigm is:

 

ïdem

eadem

idem

eiusdem

eiusdem

eiusdem

eïdem

eïdem

eïdem

eundem

eandem

idem

eödem

eädem

eödem

 

eïdem

eaedem

eadem

eörundem

eärundem

eörundem

eïsdem

eïsdem

eïsdem

eösdem

eäsdem

eadem

eïsdem

eïsdem

eïsdem

note: certain phonetic combinations in the compound were displeasing to the Roman ear, so they changed them: sd -> d (ïdem); dd-> d(idem); md -> nd (eundem, eandem, eörundem)

 


Drill / Chapter Index